Python math library | expm1() method

Python has math library and has many functions regarding to it. One such function is expm1(). This function mathematically computes the value of exp(x) - 1. This method can be used if we need to compute this very value.

Syntax : math.expm1()

Parameters :
x : Number whose exp(x)-1 has to be computed.

Returns : Returns the computed value of “exp(x)-1”

Code #1 : Demonstrate the working of expm1()

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# Python3 code to demonstrate
# the working of expm1()
import math
  
# initializing the value 
test_int = 4
test_neg_int = -3
  
# checking expm1() values
# doesn't throw error with negative
print ("The expm1 value using positive integer : "
                      + str(math.expm1(test_int)))
                        
print ("The expm1 value using negative integer : "
                  + str(math.expm1(test_neg_int)))

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Output :

The expm1 value using positive integer : 53.598150033144236
The expm1 value using negative integer : -0.950212931632136

 

“exp() – 1” vs “expm1()”

There would be a question why expm1() method was even created if we could always compute exp() and then subtract 1 from it. The first reason is that value exp() - 1 is used a lot in mathematics and science applications and formulas.
The most important reason is that for smaller value of x, of the order less than e-10, expm1() method give a result more accurate than exp() - 1.

Code #2 : Comparing expm1() and exp()-1

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# Python3 code to demonstrate
# the application of expm1()
import math
  
# initializing the value 
test_int = 1e-10
  
# checking expm1() values
# expm1() is more accurate
print ("The value with exp()-1  : " + str(math.exp(test_int)-1))
print ("The value with expm1() : " + str(math.expm1(test_int)))

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Output :

The value with exp()-1  : 1.000000082740371e-10
The value with expm1() : 1.00000000005e-10


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