Python – List files in directory with extension
In this article, we will discuss different use cases where we want to list the files with their extensions present in a directory using python.
- os: The OS module in Python provides functions for interacting with the operating system.
- glob: In Python, the glob module is used to retrieve files/pathnames matching a specified pattern. The pattern rules of glob follow standard Unix path expansion rules. It is also predicted that according to benchmarks it is faster than other methods to match pathnames in directories.
Directory Structure in use:
Method 1: Using `os` module
This module provides a portable way of using operating system-dependent functionality. The method os.listdir() lists all the files present in a directory. We can make use of os.walk() if we want to work with sub-directories as well.
os.listdir(path = ‘.’)
Returns a list containing the names of the entries in the directory given by path.
os.walk(top, topdown=True, onerror=None, followlinks=False)
Generates the file names in a directory tree by walking the tree either top-down or bottom-up.
Example 1: List the files and directories present in root/home/project
['documents', 'code', 'charter.xlsx', 'timeline.jpg'] ['charter.xlsx', 'timeline.jpg']
Example 2: List all the subdirectories and sub-files present in root/home/project
[‘charter.xlsx’, ‘timeline.jpg’, ‘report.txt’, ‘workbook.pdf’, ‘trigger.sql’, ‘schema_template.py’, ‘sqlalchemy_models.py’, ‘info.log’, ‘README.md’, ‘requirements.txt’, ‘main.py’]
[‘documents’, ‘code’, ‘database_models’]
Method 2: Using `glob` module
The glob module finds all the pathnames matching a specified pattern according to the rules used by the Unix shell. We will use glob.glob() function to achieve our task. The idea behind Unix shell-like means that we can provide Unix shell-like patterns for searching files.
glob.glob(pathname, *, recursive=False)
Return a list of pathnames that match pathname, which must be a string containing a path specification.
The ‘*‘ means that it will match all the items returned by similar to os.listdir() method.
Example 1: Get all the directories and files in root/home/project/code
[‘database_models’, ‘README.md’, ‘requirements.txt’, ‘main.py’]
Example 2: Get all the python (.py) files in root/home/project/code/database_models