Python | Lemmatization with NLTK

Lemmatization is the process of grouping together the different inflected forms of a word so they can be analysed as a single item. Lemmatization is similar to stemming but it brings context to the words. So it links words with similar meaning to one word.

Text preprocessing includes both Stemming as well as Lemmatization. Many times people find these two terms confusing. Some treat these two as same. Actually, lemmatization is preferred over Stemming because lemmatization does morphological analysis of the words.

Applications of lemmatization are:

  • Used in comprehensive retrieval systems like search engines.
  • Used in compact indexing
Examples of lemmatization:

-> rocks : rock
-> corpora : corpus
-> better : good

One major difference with stemming is that lemmatize takes a part of speech parameter, “pos” If not supplied, the default is “noun.”

Below is the implementation of lemmatization words using NLTK:

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# import these modules
from nltk.stem import WordNetLemmatizer
  
lemmatizer = WordNetLemmatizer()
  
print("rocks :", lemmatizer.lemmatize("rocks"))
print("corpora :", lemmatizer.lemmatize("corpora"))
  
# a denotes adjective in "pos"
print("better :", lemmatizer.lemmatize("better", pos ="a"))

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Output :

rocks : rock
corpora : corpus
better : good


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