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Python – Incremental Sublist Sum

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  • Last Updated : 18 Feb, 2020
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Sometimes we need to group elements and grouping techniques and requirements vary accordingly. One such way to group the elements is by the i’th size in list which stores the dictionary of index keys with values of summation of subsequent size i. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this can be done.

Method #1 : Using islice() + sum() + dictionary comprehension
The slice method can be used to group the chunks of list required to be made as values of the dictionaries which are then assigned to their destined index key using the dictionary comprehension. The sum() is used to perform sum of created list.




# Python3 code to demonstrate
# Incremental Sublist Sum
# using islice() + sum() + dictionary comprehension
from itertools import islice
  
# initializing list
test_list = [4, 7, 8, 10, 12, 15, 13, 17, 14, 5]
  
# printing original list 
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
  
# using islice() + sum() + dictionary comprehension
# Incremental Sublist Sum
temp = iter(test_list)
res = {key: val for key, val in ((i, sum(list(islice(temp, i)))) for i in range(1, len(test_list))) if val}
  
# printing result
print("The Incremental Sublist Sum is : " + str(res))

Output :

The original list : [4, 7, 8, 10, 12, 15, 13, 17, 14, 5]
The Incremental Sublist Sum is : {1: 4, 2: 15, 3: 37, 4: 49}

 

Method #2 : Using itemgetter() + takewhile() + islice() + sum()
In order to increase the computation speed, we introduce new functions to perform this particular task, takewhile and itemgetter functions which performs the task of grouping the sliced values. The sum() is used to perform sum of created list.




# Python3 code to demonstrate
# Incremental Sublist Sum
# using itemgetter() + takewhile() + islice() + sum()
from itertools import islice, takewhile
from operator import itemgetter
  
# initializing list
test_list = [4, 7, 8, 10, 12, 15, 13, 17, 14, 5]
  
# printing original list 
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
  
# using itemgetter() + takewhile() + islice() + sum()
# Incremental Sublist Sum
temp = iter(test_list)
res = {key: val for key, val in takewhile(itemgetter(1), ((i, sum(list(islice(temp, i)))) for i in range(1, len(test_list))))}
  
# printing result
print("The Incremental Sublist Sum is : " + str(res))

Output :

The original list : [4, 7, 8, 10, 12, 15, 13, 17, 14, 5]
The Incremental Sublist Sum is : {1: 4, 2: 15, 3: 37, 4: 49}

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