# Python – Group Elements in Matrix

Given a Matrix with two columns, group 2nd column elements on basis of 1st column.

Input : test_list = [[5, 8], [2, 0], [5, 4], [2, 3], [2, 9]]
Output : {5: [8, 4], 2: [0, 3, 9]}
Explanation : 8 and 4 are mapped to 5 in Matrix, all others to 2.

Input : test_list = [[2, 8], [2, 0], [2, 4], [2, 3], [2, 9]]
Output : {2: [8, 4, 0, 3, 9]}
Explanation : All mapped to 2.

Method #1 : Using dictionary comprehension + loop

This is one of the ways in which this task can be performed. In this, we construct the dictionary with empty list values from row 1 and then run a loop to assign values into it.

## Python3

 # Python3 code to demonstrate working of  # Group Elements in Matrix # Using dictionary comprehension + loop    # initializing list test_list = [[5, 8], [2, 0], [5, 4], [2, 3], [7, 9]]    # printing original list print("The original list : " + str(test_list))    # initializing empty dictionary with default empty list  res = {idx[0]: [] for idx in test_list}    # using loop for grouping for idx in test_list:     res[idx[0]].append(idx[1])    # printing result  print("The Grouped Matrix : " + str(res))

Output

The original list : [[5, 8], [2, 0], [5, 4], [2, 3], [7, 9]]
The Grouped Matrix : {5: [8, 4], 2: [0, 3], 7: [9]}

Method #2 : Using loop + defaultdict()

This is similar to above method. The difference being that initial empty mesh is created using defaultdict().

## Python3

 # Python3 code to demonstrate working of  # Group Elements in Matrix # Using loop + defaultdict() from collections import defaultdict    # initializing list test_list = [[5, 8], [2, 0], [5, 4], [2, 3], [7, 9]]    # printing original list print("The original list : " + str(test_list))    # initializing empty dictionary using defaultdict res = defaultdict(list)    # using loop for grouping for idx in test_list:     res[idx[0]].append(idx[1])    # printing result  print("The Grouped Matrix : " + str(dict(res)))

Output

The original list : [[5, 8], [2, 0], [5, 4], [2, 3], [7, 9]]
The Grouped Matrix : {5: [8, 4], 2: [0, 3], 7: [9]}

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