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Python | Get Top N elements from Records

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  • Last Updated : 27 Jan, 2023
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Sometimes, while working with data, we can have a problem in which we have records and we require to find the highest N scores from it. This kind of application is popular in web development domain. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this problem can be solved. 
Method #1 : Using sorted() + lambda The combination of above functionality can be used to perform this particular task. In this, we just employ sorted function with reverse flag true, and print the top N elements using list slicing. 

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Get Top N elements from Records
# Using sorted() + lambda
 
# Initializing list
test_list = [('Manjeet', 10), ('Akshat', 4), ('Akash', 2), ('Nikhil', 8)]
 
# Initializing N
N = 2
 
# printing original list
print("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# Get Top N elements from Records
# Using sorted() + lambda
res = sorted(test_list, key = lambda x: x[1], reverse = True)[:N]
 
# printing result
print("The top N records are : " + str(res))

Output

The original list is : [('Manjeet', 10), ('Akshat', 4), ('Akash', 2), ('Nikhil', 8)]
The top N records are : [('Manjeet', 10), ('Nikhil', 8)]

  Method #2 : Using sorted() + itemgetter() The combination of above functions can also be used to perform this particular task. In this, the task performed by lambda function is performed by itemgetter() is used to get the index in tuple which has to be included in calculations. 

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Get Top N elements from Records
# Using sorted() + itemgetter()
from operator import itemgetter
 
# Initializing list
test_list = [('Manjeet', 10), ('Akshat', 4), ('Akash', 2), ('Nikhil', 8)]
 
# Initializing N
N = 2
 
# printing original list
print("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# Get Top N elements from Records
# Using sorted() + itemgetter()
res = sorted(test_list, key = itemgetter(1), reverse = True)[:N]
 
# printing result
print("The top N records are : " + str(res))

Output

The original list is : [('Manjeet', 10), ('Akshat', 4), ('Akash', 2), ('Nikhil', 8)]
The top N records are : [('Manjeet', 10), ('Nikhil', 8)]

Method #3 : Using heapq.nlargest()
This approach uses the heapq library’s nlargest() function, which returns the top N elements from an iterable. This approach is more efficient than the previous two, as it uses a heap data structure to keep track of the largest elements.

Python3




import heapq
 
# Initializing list
test_list = [('Manjeet', 10), ('Akshat', 4), ('Akash', 2), ('Nikhil', 8)]
 
# Initializing N
N = 2
 
# printing original list
print("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
 
# Get Top N elements from Records
# Using heapq.nlargest()
res = heapq.nlargest(N, test_list, key = lambda x: x[1])
 
# printing result
print("The top N records are : " + str(res))
#This code is contributed by Edula Vinay Kumar Reddy

Output

The original list is : [('Manjeet', 10), ('Akshat', 4), ('Akash', 2), ('Nikhil', 8)]
The top N records are : [('Manjeet', 10), ('Nikhil', 8)]

The time complexity of this approach is O(n log n) as it uses a heap data structure which is logarithmic in nature and Auxiliary space is O(n) as it stores the top N elements in memory.


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