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# Python | Get first element of each sublist

• Difficulty Level : Hard
• Last Updated : 02 Jan, 2023

Given a list of lists, write a Python program to extract first element of each sublist in the given list of lists. Examples:

```Input : [[1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8, 9]]
Output : [1, 3, 6]

Input : [['x', 'y', 'z'], ['m'], ['a', 'b'], ['u', 'v']]
Output : ['x', 'm', 'a', 'u']```

Approach #1 : List comprehension

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to extract first and last``# element of each sublist in a list of lists` `def` `Extract(lst):``    ``return` `[item[``0``] ``for` `item ``in` `lst]``    ` `# Driver code``lst ``=` `[[``1``, ``2``], [``3``, ``4``, ``5``], [``6``, ``7``, ``8``, ``9``]]``print``(Extract(lst))`

Output:

`[1, 3, 6]`

Time Complexity: O(n)

Space Complexity: O(n) (length of the list given as argument)

Approach #2 : Using zip and unpacking(*) operator This method uses zip with * or unpacking operator which passes all the items inside the ‘lst’ as arguments to zip function. Thus, all the first element will become the first tuple of the zipped list. Returning the 0th element will thus, solve the purpose.

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to extract first and last``# element of each sublist in a list of lists` `def` `Extract(lst):``    ``return` `list``(``list``(``zip``(``*``lst))[``0``])``    ` `# Driver code``lst ``=` `[[``1``, ``2``], [``3``, ``4``, ``5``], [``6``, ``7``, ``8``, ``9``]]``print``(Extract(lst))`

Output:

`[1, 3, 6]`

Time Complexity: O(n) (zip function has complexity of O(1) and conversion to list has O(n))

Space Complexity: O(n) (length of the list given as argument)

Another method of using zip is given below:-

## Python3

 `def` `Extract(lst):``    ``return` `list``(``next``(``zip``(``*``lst)))`

Approach #3 : Using itemgetter()

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to extract first and last``# element of each sublist in a list of lists``from` `operator ``import` `itemgetter` `def` `Extract(lst):``    ``return` `list``( ``map``(itemgetter(``0``), lst ))``    ` `# Driver code``lst ``=` `[[``1``, ``2``], [``3``, ``4``, ``5``], [``6``, ``7``, ``8``, ``9``]]``print``(Extract(lst))`

Output:

`[1, 3, 6]`

Time Complexity: O(n) (itemgetter has O(1) and conversion to list O(n))

Space Complexity: O(n)

Approach #4 : Using reduce

You can use the reduce function from the functools library to iteratively apply a lambda function to the list of lists and build a new list containing the first elements of each sublist.

## Python3

 `from` `functools ``import` `reduce``# Python3 program to extract first and last``# element of each sublist in a list of lists``def` `extract_first(lst):``    ``return` `reduce``(``lambda` `acc, x: acc ``+` `[x[``0``]] ``if` `x ``else` `acc, lst, [])``# Driver code``lst ``=` `[[``1``, ``2``], [``3``, ``4``, ``5``], [``6``, ``7``, ``8``, ``9``]]``print``(extract_first(lst))`

Output

```[1, 3, 6]
```

Time Complexity: O(n)

Space Complexity: O(n)

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