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Python – Extracting Kth Key in Dictionary

Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2023
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Many times, while working with Python, we can have a situation in which we require to get the Kth key of dictionary. There can be many specific uses of it, either for checking the indexing and many more of these kind. This is useful for Python version 3.8 +, where key ordering are similar as insertion ordering. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed. 

Method #1 : Using list() + keys() The combination of above methods can be used to perform this particular task. In this, we just convert the entire dictionaries’ keys extracted by keys() into a list and just access the Kth key. 

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Extracting Kth Key in Dictionary
# Using keys() + list()
 
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {'Gfg' : 1, 'is' : 2, 'best' : 3}
 
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
 
# initializing K
K = 1
 
# Using keys() + list()
# Extracting Kth Key in Dictionary
res = list(test_dict.keys())[K]
 
# printing Kth key
print("The Kth key of dictionary is : " + str(res))


Output : 

The original dictionary is : {'best': 3, 'Gfg': 1, 'is': 2}
The Kth key of dictionary is : Gfg

Time Complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the list test_dict
Auxiliary Space: O(n) additional space of size n is created where n is the number of elements in the res list

  Method #2 : Using next() + iter() This task can also be performed using these functions. In this, we just take the Kth next key using next() and iter function is used to get the iterable conversion of dictionary items. 

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Extracting Kth Key in Dictionary
# Using next() + iter()
 
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {'Gfg' : 1, 'is' : 2, 'best' : 3}
 
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
 
# initializing K
K = 1
 
# Using next() + iter()
# Extracting Kth Key in Dictionary
test_dict = iter(test_dict)
for i in range(0, K + 1) :
    res = next(test_dict)
 
# printing Kth key
print("The Kth key of dictionary is : " + str(res))


Output : 

The original dictionary is : {'best': 3, 'Gfg': 1, 'is': 2}
The Kth key of dictionary is : Gfg

Using dictionary items method:

Approach:

In this approach, we use the items() method of the dictionary to extract a list of (key, value) pairs and then return the Kth key.

The function is called with two arguments: a dictionary and a value k.
The function creates a list of items in the dictionary using the items() method and the list() constructor: items_list = list(dictionary.items())
The function checks if the requested k is within the range of the number of items in the dictionary using an if statement: if k < len(items_list):
If k is within the range of the dictionary, the function returns the kth key using the first element of the kth item in the items list: return items_list[k][0]
If k is outside the range of the dictionary, the function returns None: else: return None
The function call returns the kth key, which is stored in the kth_key variable.
The print() function is called to display the result: print(“The Kth key of dictionary is:”, kth_key)

Python3




def get_kth_key_dict(dictionary, k):
    items_list = list(dictionary.items())
    if k < len(items_list):
        return items_list[k][0]
    else:
        return None
dictionary = {'best': 3, 'Gfg': 1, 'is': 2}
k = 1
kth_key = get_kth_key_dict(dictionary, k)
print("The Kth key of dictionary is:", kth_key)


Output

The Kth key of dictionary is: Gfg

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)



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