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Python – Extract Symmetric Tuples
  • Last Updated : 10 Jul, 2020

Sometimes while working with Python tuples, we can have a problem in which we need to extract all the pairs which are symmetric, i.e for any (x, y), we have (y, x) pair present. This kind of problem can have application in domains such as day-day programming and web development. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed.

Input : test_list = [(6, 7), (2, 3), (7, 6)]
Output : {(6, 7)}

Input : test_list = [(6, 7), (2, 3)]
Output : {}

Method #1 : Using dictionary comprehension + set()
The combination of above functionalities can be used to solve this problem. In this, we initially construct reverse pairs, and then compare with original list pairs, and extract one of equals. The set() is used to remove duplicates, to avoid unnecessary computions of elements.

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# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Extract Symmetric Tuples
# Using dictionary comprehension + set()
  
# initializing list
test_list = [(6, 7), (2, 3), (7, 6), (9, 8), (10, 2), (8, 9)]
  
# printing original list
print("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
  
# Extract Symmetric Tuples
# Using dictionary comprehension + set()
temp = set(test_list) & {(b, a) for a, b in test_list}
res = {(a, b) for a, b in temp if a < b}
  
# printing result 
print("The Symmetric tuples : " + str(res)) 

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Output :



The original list is : [(6, 7), (2, 3), (7, 6), (9, 8), (10, 2), (8, 9)]
The Symmetric tuples : {(8, 9), (6, 7)}

 

Method #2 : Using Counter() + list comprehension
This is yet another way in which this task can be performed. In this, we follow similar approach of constructing reverse pairs, but here, we count the equal elements, the element with count 2 is duplicate and matches the reversed tuples.

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# Python3 code to demonstrate working of 
# Extract Symmetric Tuples
# Using Counter() + list comprehension
from collections import Counter
  
# initializing list
test_list = [(6, 7), (2, 3), (7, 6), (9, 8), (10, 2), (8, 9)]
  
# printing original list
print("The original list is : " + str(test_list))
  
# Extract Symmetric Tuples
# Using Counter() + list comprehension<
temp = [(sub[1], sub[0]) if sub[0] < sub[1] else sub for sub in test_list]
cnts = Counter(temp)
res = [key for key, val in cnts.items() if val == 2]
  
# printing result 
print("The Symmetric tuples : " + str(res)) 

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Output :

The original list is : [(6, 7), (2, 3), (7, 6), (9, 8), (10, 2), (8, 9)]
The Symmetric tuples : [(7, 6), (9, 8)]

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