# Python – Elements frequency in Tuple Matrix

Sometimes, while working with Python Tuple Matrix, we can have a problem in which we need to get frequency of each element in it. This kind of problem can occur in domains such as day-day programming and web development domain. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this problem can be solved.

Input : test_list = [[(4, 5), (3, 2)], [(2, 2)]]
Output : {4: 1, 5: 1, 3: 1, 2: 3}

Input : test_list = [[(4, 5), (3, 2)]]
Output : {4: 1, 5: 1, 3: 1, 2: 1}

Method #1 : Using nested `chain() + "*" operator + Counter()`
The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this, we perform the task of getting frequency using Counter() and nested chain to cater the nestings and “*” operator is used to perform unpacking and packing of each element.

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate working of  ` `# Elements frequency in Tuple Matrix ` `# Using nested chain() + "*" operator + Counter() ` `from` `itertools ``import` `chain ` `from` `collections ``import` `Counter ` ` `  `# initializing lists ` `test_list ``=` `[[(``4``, ``5``), (``3``, ``2``)], [(``2``, ``2``)], [(``1``, ``2``), (``5``, ``5``)]] ` ` `  `# printing original list ` `print``(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list)) ` ` `  `# Elements frequency in Tuple Matrix ` `# Using nested chain() + "*" operator + Counter() ` `res ``=` `dict``(Counter(chain(``*``chain(``*``test_list)))) ` ` `  `# printing result  ` `print``(``"Elements frequency : "` `+` `str``(res)) `

Output :

```The original list is : [[(4, 5), (3, 2)], [(2, 2)], [(1, 2), (5, 5)]]
Elements frequency : {4: 1, 5: 3, 3: 1, 2: 4, 1: 1}
```

Method #2 : Using `chain.from_iterables() + Counter()`
The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this, we perform the task of packing, unpacking and flattening using chain.from_iterables().

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate working of  ` `# Elements frequency in Tuple Matrix ` `# Using chain.from_iterables() + Counter() ` `from` `itertools ``import` `chain ` `from` `collections ``import` `Counter ` ` `  `# initializing lists ` `test_list ``=` `[[(``4``, ``5``), (``3``, ``2``)], [(``2``, ``2``)], [(``1``, ``2``), (``5``, ``5``)]] ` ` `  `# printing original list ` `print``(``"The original list is : "` `+` `str``(test_list)) ` ` `  `# Elements frequency in Tuple Matrix ` `# Using chain.from_iterables() + Counter() ` `res ``=` `dict``(Counter(chain.from_iterable(chain.from_iterable(test_list)))) ` ` `  `# printing result  ` `print``(``"Elements frequency : "` `+` `str``(res)) `

Output :

```The original list is : [[(4, 5), (3, 2)], [(2, 2)], [(1, 2), (5, 5)]]
Elements frequency : {4: 1, 5: 3, 3: 1, 2: 4, 1: 1}
```

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