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Python – Count if dictionary position equals key or value

  • Last Updated : 12 Nov, 2020

Given a dictionary, count instances where dictionary item position equals key or value. Valid for Py >= 3.6 [ Introduction of dictionary ordering ].

Input : test_dict = {5:3, 2:3, 10:4, 7:3, 8:1, 9:5} 
Output : 2 
Explanation : At 3 and 5th position, values are 3 and 5.

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Input : test_dict = {5:3, 2:3, 10:4, 8:1, 9:5} 
Output : 1 
Explanation : At 5th position, value is 5. 
 



Method #1 : Using loop

In this we iterate for each dictionary item and test for each item to check if any position is equal to key or value of dictionary, if found, we iterate the counter.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Count if dictionary position equals key or value
# Using loop
  
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {5: 3, 1: 3, 10: 4, 7: 3, 8: 1, 9: 5}
  
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
  
res = 0
test_dict = list(test_dict.items())
for idx in range(0, len(test_dict)):
  
    # checking for key or value equality
    if idx == test_dict[idx][0] or idx == test_dict[idx][1]:
        res += 1
  
# printing result
print("The required frequency : " + str(res))
Output
The original dictionary is : {5: 3, 1: 3, 10: 4, 7: 3, 8: 1, 9: 5}
The required frequency : 3

Method #2 : Using sum() + list comprehension

In this, we assign 1 to each case in which dictionary index is found equal to any of its items, then perform list summation using sum().

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Count if dictionary position equals key or value
# Using sum() + list comprehension
  
# initializing dictionary
test_dict = {5: 3, 1: 3, 10: 4, 7: 3, 8: 1, 9: 5}
  
# printing original dictionary
print("The original dictionary is : " + str(test_dict))
  
test_dict = list(test_dict.items())
  
# sum() computing sum for filtered cases
res = sum([1 for idx in range(0, len(test_dict)) if idx ==
           test_dict[idx][0] or idx == test_dict[idx][1]])
  
# printing result
print("The required frequency : " + str(res))
Output
The original dictionary is : {5: 3, 1: 3, 10: 4, 7: 3, 8: 1, 9: 5}
The required frequency : 3



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