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Python | Convert String to bytes
  • Last Updated : 22 May, 2019

Inter conversions are as usual quite popular, but conversion between a string to bytes is more common these days due to the fact that for handling files or Machine Learning ( Pickle File ), we extensively require the strings to be converted to bytes. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this can be performed.

Method #1 : Using bytes(str, enc)

String can be converted to bytes using the generic bytes function. This function internally points to CPython Library which implicitly calls the encode function for converting the string to specified encoding.

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# Python code to demonstrate
# convert string to byte 
# Using bytes(str, enc)
  
# initializing string 
test_string = "GFG is best"
  
# printing original string 
print("The original string : " + str(test_string))
  
# Using bytes(str, enc)
# convert string to byte 
res = bytes(test_string, 'utf-8')
  
# print result
print("The byte converted string is  : " + str(res) + ", type : " + str(type(res)))

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Output :

The original string : GFG is best
The byte converted string is  : b'GFG is best', type : <class 'bytes'>

 



Method #2 : Using encode(enc)

The most recommended method to perform this particular task, using the encode function to get the conversion done, as it reduces one extra linking to a particular library, this function directly calls it.

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# Python code to demonstrate
# convert string to byte 
# Using encode(enc)
  
# initializing string 
test_string = "GFG is best"
  
# printing original string 
print("The original string : " + str(test_string))
  
# Using encode(enc)
# convert string to byte 
res = test_string.encode('utf-8')
  
# print result
print("The byte converted string is  : " + str(res) + ", type : " + str(type(res)))

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Output :

The original string : GFG is best
The byte converted string is  : b'GFG is best', type : <class 'bytes'>

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