# Python – Convert Nested dictionary to Mapped Tuple

• Difficulty Level : Hard
• Last Updated : 03 Jul, 2020

Sometimes, while working with Python dictionaries, we can have a problem in which we need to convert nested dictionaries to mapped tuple. This kind of problem can occur in web development and day-day programming. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed.

Input : test_dict = {‘gfg’ : {‘x’ : 5, ‘y’ : 6, ‘z’: 3}, ‘best’ : {‘x’ : 8, ‘y’ : 3, ‘z’: 5}}
Output : [(‘x’, (5, 8)), (‘y’, (6, 3)), (‘z’, (3, 5))]

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Input : test_dict = {‘gfg’ : {‘x’ : 5, ‘y’ : 6, ‘z’: 3}}
Output : [(‘x’, (5, )), (‘y’, (6, )), (‘z’, (3, ))]

Method #1 : Using list comprehension + generator expression
The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this, we perform the tasks of creating the tuple using list comprehension and generator expression helps in grouping, by extracting values using values().

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate working of ``# Convert Nested dictionary to Mapped Tuple``# Using list comprehension + generator expression`` ` `# initializing dictionary``test_dict ``=` `{``'gfg'` `: {``'x'` `: ``5``, ``'y'` `: ``6``}, ``'is'` `: {``'x'` `: ``1``, ``'y'` `: ``4``},``                                      ``'best'` `: {``'x'` `: ``8``, ``'y'` `: ``3``}}`` ` `# printing original dictionary``print``(``"The original dictionary is : "` `+` `str``(test_dict))`` ` `# Convert Nested dictionary to Mapped Tuple``# Using list comprehension + generator expression``res ``=` `[(key, ``tuple``(sub[key] ``for` `sub ``in` `test_dict.values())) ``                               ``for` `key ``in` `test_dict[``'gfg'``]]`` ` `# printing result ``print``(``"The grouped dictionary : "` `+` `str``(res)) `
Output :

The original dictionary is : {‘gfg’: {‘x’: 5, ‘y’: 6}, ‘is’: {‘x’: 1, ‘y’: 4}, ‘best’: {‘x’: 8, ‘y’: 3}}
The grouped dictionary : [(‘x’, (5, 1, 8)), (‘y’, (6, 4, 3))]

Method #2 : Using `defaultdict()` + loop
This is yet another way in which this task can be performed. In this, we perform the task of mapping using defaultdict(), of keys of nested dictionaries and recreate value list using loop. This method is useful for older version of Python.

 `# Python3 code to demonstrate working of ``# Convert Nested dictionary to Mapped Tuple``# Using defaultdict() + loop``from` `collections ``import` `defaultdict    `` ` `# initializing dictionary``test_dict ``=` `{``'gfg'` `: {``'x'` `: ``5``, ``'y'` `: ``6``}, ``'is'` `: {``'x'` `: ``1``, ``'y'` `: ``4``}, ``                                      ``'best'` `: {``'x'` `: ``8``, ``'y'` `: ``3``}}`` ` `# printing original dictionary``print``(``"The original dictionary is : "` `+` `str``(test_dict))`` ` `# Convert Nested dictionary to Mapped Tuple``# Using defaultdict() + loop``res ``=` `defaultdict(``tuple``)``for` `key, val ``in` `test_dict.items():``    ``for` `ele ``in` `val:``        ``res[ele] ``+``=` `(val[ele], )`` ` `# printing result ``print``(``"The grouped dictionary : "` `+` `str``(``list``(res.items())) `
Output :

The original dictionary is : {‘gfg’: {‘x’: 5, ‘y’: 6}, ‘is’: {‘x’: 1, ‘y’: 4}, ‘best’: {‘x’: 8, ‘y’: 3}}
The grouped dictionary : [(‘x’, (5, 1, 8)), (‘y’, (6, 4, 3))]

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