Skip to content
Related Articles
Open in App
Not now

Related Articles

Python – Convert List to key-value list by prefix grouping

Improve Article
Save Article
  • Last Updated : 16 Nov, 2022
Improve Article
Save Article

Given a list, convert it to consecutive key-value lists, grouping by prefix.

Input : test_list = [“GFG-1”, 4, 6, “GFG-2”, 3, “GFG-3”, 9, 2], temp = “GF” Output : {‘GFG-1’: [4, 6], ‘GFG-2’: [3], ‘GFG-3’: [9, 2]} Explanation : All grouped till next prefix. Input : test_list = [“MRK-1”, 4, 6, “MRK-2”, 3, “MRK-3”, 9, 2], temp = “MR” Output : {‘MRK-1’: [4, 6], ‘MRK-2’: [3], ‘MRK-3’: [9, 2]} Explanation : All grouped till next prefix, “MR”.

Method 1: Using groupby() + startswith() + lambda

The combination of above functions can be used to solve this problem. In this, we employ grouping of all elements by prefix using groupby() and lambda functions assists in performing segregation of prefix for grouping.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Convert List to key-value list by prefix grouping
# Using groupby() + startswith() + lambda
from itertools import groupby
 
# initializing list
test_list = ["GFG-1", 4, 6, 7,10, "GFG-2", 2, 3, "GFG-3", 9, 2, 4, 6]
 
# printing original list
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
 
# initializing prefix
temp = "GFG"
 
res = {}
# extracting result from grouped by prefix
for key, val in groupby(test_list, lambda ele: str(ele).startswith(temp)):
     
    # checking for existing key
    if key:
        k = next(val)
    else:
        res[k] = list(val)
         
# printing result
print("The constructed dictionary : " + str(res))

Output

The original list : ['GFG-1', 4, 6, 7, 10, 'GFG-2', 2, 3, 'GFG-3', 9, 2, 4, 6]
The constructed dictionary : {'GFG-1': [4, 6, 7, 10], 'GFG-2': [2, 3], 'GFG-3': [9, 2, 4, 6]}
My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Related Articles

Start Your Coding Journey Now!