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Python | Construct Cartesian Product Tuple list

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 13 Oct, 2022
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Sometimes, while working with data, we need to create data as all possible pairs of containers. This type of application comes from the web development domain. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this task can be performed. 

Using list comprehension 

list comprehension in Python is a one-liner way to perform this particular task. In this, we just shorten the task of looping in one line to generate all possible pairs of tuples with list elements. 

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Construct Cartesian Product Tuple list
# using list comprehension
 
# initialize list and tuple
test_list = [1, 4, 6, 7]
test_tup = (1, 3)
 
# printing original list and tuple
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
print("The original tuple : " + str(test_tup))
 
# Construct Cartesian Product Tuple list
# using list comprehension
res = [(a, b) for a in test_tup for b in test_list]
 
# printing result
print("The Cartesian Product is : " + str(res))

Output:

The original list : [1, 4, 6, 7]

The original tuple : (1, 3)

The Cartesian Product is : [(1, 1), (1, 4), (1, 6), (1, 7), (3, 1), (3, 4), (3, 6), (3, 7)]

Using itertools.product() 

This task can also be performed using the single function which internally performs the task of returning the required Cartesian Product, here we are using itertools.product().

Python3




# using itertools.product()
from itertools import product
 
# initialize list and tuple
test_list = [1, 4, 6, 7]
test_tup = (1, 3)
 
# printing original list and tuple
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
print("The original tuple : " + str(test_tup))
 
# Construct Cartesian Product Tuple list
# using itertools.product()
res = list(product(test_tup, test_list))
 
# printing result
print("The Cartesian Product is : " + str(res))

Output:

The original list : [1, 4, 6, 7]

The original tuple : (1, 3)

The Cartesian Product is : [(1, 1), (1, 4), (1, 6), (1, 7), (3, 1), (3, 4), (3, 6), (3, 7)]

Using recursion

Here we are not using any built-in library rather we are using the concept of recursion.

Python3




def product(ar_list):
    if not ar_list:
        yield ()
    else:
        for a in ar_list[0]:
            for prod in product(ar_list[1:]):
                yield (a,)+prod
 
# driver code
test_list = [1, 4, 6, 7]
test_tup = (1, 3)
 
# printing original list and tuple
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
 
print("The original tuple : " + str(test_tup))
 
res=list(product([test_tup,test_list]))
 
# printing the result
print("The Cartesian Product is : " + str(res))

Output:

The original list : [1, 4, 6, 7]

The original tuple : (1, 3)

The Cartesian Product is : [(1, 1), (1, 4), (1, 6), (1, 7), (3, 1), (3, 4), (3, 6), (3, 7)]


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