Python code to print common characters of two Strings in alphabetical order
Given two strings, print all the common characters in lexicographical order. If there are no common letters, print -1. All letters are lower case.
string1 : geeks
string2 : forgeeks
Output : eegks
Explanation: The letters that are common between
the two strings are e(2 times), g(1 time), k(1 time) and
Hence the lexicographical output is "eegks"
string1 : hhhhhello
string2 : gfghhmh
Output : hhh
This problem has existing solution please refer Print common characters of two Strings in alphabetical order link. We will solve this problem in python using intersection property and collections.Counter() module. Approach is simple,
- Convert both strings into dictionary data type using Counter(str) method, which contains characters of string as key and their frequencies as value.
- Now find common elements between two strings using intersection ( a&b ) property.
- Resultant will also be an counter dictionary having common elements as keys and their common frequencies as value.
- Use elements() method of counter dictionary to expand list of keys by their frequency number of times.
- Sort the list and concatenate each character of output list without space to print resultant string.
dict1 & dict2
Time complexity : O(n)
Auxiliary Space : O(n)