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Python | Check whether a string is valid json or not

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  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 13 Sep, 2022
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Given a Python String, the task is to check whether the String is a valid JSON object or not. Let’s try to understand the problem using different examples.

Example 1 : Invalid JSON String due to incorrect quotes in Strings

Python3




# Python code to demonstrate
# checking whether string
# is valid json or not
 
import json
 
ini_string = "{'akshat' : 1, 'nikhil' : 2}"
 
# printing initial ini_string
print ("initial string", ini_string)
 
# checking for string
try:
    json_object = json.loads(ini_string)
    print ("Is valid json? true")
except ValueError as e:
    print ("Is valid json? false")

Output:

initial string {'akshat' : 1, 'nikhil' : 2}
Is valid json? false

Explanation: In the above example, the string is an invalid JSON because, the string characters the enclosed in single quotes (‘), but as per valid JSON schema, strings must be enclosed in double quotes (“).

Example 2: Example of Valid JSON Strings

Python3




import json
 
 
# function to check for JSON String validity
def is_valid(json_string):
    print("JSON String:", json_string)
    try:
        json.loads(json_string)
        print("  Is valid?: True")
    except ValueError:
        print("  Is valid?: False")
        return None
 
 
# checking for string and integers
is_valid('{"name":"John", "age":31, "Salary":2500000}')
# checking for integer and float
is_valid('{ "Subjects": {"Maths":85.01, "Physics":90}}')
# checking for boolean type values
is_valid('{"success": true}')

Output:

JSON String: {"name":"John", "age":31, "Salary":2500000}
  Is valid?: True
JSON String: { "Subjects": {"Maths":85.01, "Physics":90}}
  Is valid?: True
JSON String: {"success": true}
  Is valid?: True

Example 3: Checking Validity for Multi-Line JSON String

Here we have taken a sample, multi-line Python string, and we’ll try to check the validity of the String for a valid JSON string or not. Although this String contains multiple line-breaks, still json.JSONDecoder able to parse this String.

Python3




import json
 
 
# function to check for JSON String validity
def is_valid(json_string):
    print("JSON String:", json_string)
    try:
        json.loads(json_string)
        print("  Is valid?: True")
    except ValueError:
        print("  Is valid?: False")
        return None
 
 
# parsing multi-line JSON string
json_str = """
{
    "Person": [
        {"name": "P_1", "age": 42},
        {"name": "P_2", "age": 21},
        {"name": "P_3", "age": 36}
    ],
    "location": "1.1.0",
    "Country": "IND"
}
"""
# call function for validation check
# of the Python String
is_valid(json_str)

Output:

JSON String: 
{
    "Person": [
        {"name": "P_1", "age": 42},
        {"name": "P_2", "age": 21},
        {"name": "P_3", "age": 36}
    ],
    "location": "1.1.0",
    "Country": "IND"
}

  Is valid?: True

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