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Python Arcade – Handling Keyboard Input

  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 23 Sep, 2021
Geek Week

In this article, we will discuss how to handle keyboard inputs in Python arcade module.

In Arcade, you can easily check which keyboard button is pressed and perform tasks according to that. 

For this, we are going to use these functions:

  • on_key_press()
  • on_key_release()

Syntax:

  • on_key_press(symbol,modifiers)
  • on_key_release (symbol, modifiers)

Parameters:



  • symbol: Key that was hit
  • modifiers: Bitwise ‘and’ of all modifiers (shift, ctrl, num lock) pressed during this event.

on_key_press() function will be called whenever the user presses a keyboard button. Similarly, on_key_released() will be called whenever a user releases a keyboard button.

Example 1:

In this example, we will create a simple program using the arcade module which will check if the upper arrow key is pressed or not.

Then we will create three functions inside this class.

  • on_draw(): Inside this function, we will start the rendering using arcade.start_render().
  • on_key_press(): This function will be called whenever a keyboard key is pressed. Inside this function, we will check if the key pressed is the up arrow key then we will print “upper arrow key is pressed”.
  • on_key_release(): This function will be called whenever a keyboard key is released. Inside this function, we will check if the key released is the up arrow key then we will print “upper arrow key is released”.

Below is the implementation:

Python3




# Importing arcade module
import arcade
  
# Creating MainGame class       
class MainGame(arcade.Window):
    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__(600, 600, title="Keyboard Inputs")
  
    # Creating on_draw() function to draw on the screen
    def on_draw(self):
        arcade.start_render()
          
    # Creating function to check button is pressed
    # or not
    def on_key_press(self, symbol,modifier):
  
        # Checking the button pressed
        # is up arrow key or not
        if symbol == arcade.key.UP:
            print("Upper arrow key is pressed")
  
    # Creating function to check button is released
    # or not
    def on_key_release(self, symbol, modifier):
  
        # Checking the button pressed
        # is up arrow key or not
        if symbol == arcade.key.UP:
            print("Upper arrow key is released")
          
# Calling MainGame class       
MainGame()
arcade.run()

Output:

Example 2:

In this example, we move the player according to the keyboard inputs.

For this, we are going to create a MainGame() class. Inside this class first, we are going to initialize some variables for x and y coordinates of the player’s sprite and player’s x and y velocity then we will create 4 functions inside this class.

  • on_draw(): Inside this function, we will draw our player and start the rendering.
  • setup(): In this function, we will initialize our camera and scene object then we will load our player and platform’s sprites. After that, we will call the  PhysicsEnginePlatformer() function.
  • on_update(): In this function, we will update the x and y coordinates of the player’s sprite by adding the value of vel_x and vel_y variable,
  • on_key_press(): In this function, we will change the value of the vel_x and vel_y variables according to the keyboard key that is pressed.
  • on_key_release(): In this function, we will change the value of the vel_x and vel_y variables according to the keyboard key that is released.

Below is the implementation:

Python3




# Importing arcade module
import arcade
  
# Creating MainGame class       
class MainGame(arcade.Window):
    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__(600, 600, title="Player Movement")
  
        # Initializing the initial x and y coordinated
        self.x = 250 
        self.y = 250
  
        # Initializing a variable to store
        # the velocity of the player
        self.vel_x = 0
        self.vel_y = 0
  
    # Creating on_draw() function to draw on the screen
    def on_draw(self):
        arcade.start_render()
  
        # Drawing the rectangle using
        # draw_rectangle_filled function
        arcade.draw_circle_filled(self.x, self.y,25,
                                     arcade.color.GREEN )
    # Creating on_update function to
    # update the x coordinate
    def on_update(self,delta_time):
        self.x += self.vel_x * delta_time
        self.y += self.vel_y * delta_time
  
          
    # Creating function to change the velocity
    # when button is pressed
    def on_key_press(self, symbol,modifier):
  
        # Checking the button pressed
        # and changing the value of velocity
        if symbol == arcade.key.UP:
            self.vel_y = 300
            print("Up arrow key is pressed")
        elif symbol == arcade.key.DOWN:
            self.vel_y = -300
            print("Down arrow key is pressed")
        elif symbol == arcade.key.LEFT:
            self.vel_x = -300
            print("Left arrow key is pressed")
        elif symbol == arcade.key.RIGHT:
            self.vel_x = 300
            print("Right arrow key is pressed")
  
    # Creating function to change the velocity
    # when button is released
    def on_key_release(self, symbol, modifier):
  
        # Checking the button released
        # and changing the value of velocity
        if symbol == arcade.key.UP:
            self.vel_y = 0
        elif symbol == arcade.key.DOWN:
            self.vel_y = 0
        elif symbol == arcade.key.LEFT:
            self.vel_x = 0
        elif symbol == arcade.key.RIGHT:
            self.vel_x = 0
          
# Calling MainGame class       
MainGame()
arcade.run()

Output:

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