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Python | Alternate vowels and consonants in String

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  • Last Updated : 05 Feb, 2023
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Sometimes, while working with Strings in Python, we can have a problem in which we may need restructure a string, adding alternate vowels and consonants in it. This is a popular school-level problem and having solution to this can be useful. Let’s discuss certain ways in which this problem can be solved.

Method #1 : Using loop + join() + zip_longest() 
The combination of above functions can be used to perform this task. In this, we first, separate vowels and consonants in separate lists. And then join alternatively using zip_longest() and join().

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Alternate vowels and consonants in String
# using zip_longest() + join() + loop
from itertools import zip_longest
 
# initializing string
test_str = "gaeifgsbou"
 
# printing original string
print("The original string is : " + test_str)
 
# Alternate vowels and consonants in String
# using zip_longest() + join() + loop
vowels = ['a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u']
test_vow = []
test_con = []
for ele in test_str:
   if ele in vowels:
       test_vow.append(ele)
   elif ele not in vowels:
       test_con.append(ele)
res = ''.join(''.join(ele) for ele in zip_longest(test_vow, test_con, fillvalue =''))
 
# printing result
print("Alternate consonants vowels are: " + res)

Output

The original string is : gaeifgsbou
Alternate consonants vowels are: agefigosub

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

 
Method #2 : Using loop + map() + lambda 
This task can also be performed using combination of above functionalities. It is similar as above method, the only differences are usage of map() and lambda functions to perform alternate joining.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Alternate vowels and consonants in String
# using loop + map() + lambda
from itertools import zip_longest
 
# initializing string
test_str = "gaeifgsbou"
 
# printing original string
print("The original string is : " + test_str)
 
# Alternate vowels and consonants in String
# using loop + map() + lambda
vowels = ['a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u']
test_vow = []
test_con = []
for ele in test_str:
   if ele in vowels:
       test_vow.append(ele)
   elif ele not in vowels:
       test_con.append(ele)
res = ''.join(map(lambda sub: sub[0] + sub[1],
                  zip_longest(test_vow, test_con, fillvalue ='')))
 
# printing result
print("Alternate consonants vowels are: " + res)

Output

The original string is : gaeifgsbou
Alternate consonants vowels are: agefigosub

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Method #3 : Using regular expression:

Python3




import re
 
# Initializing string
test_str = "gaeifgsbou"
 
#printing original string
print("The original string is : " + test_str)
 
 
# Find all vowels and consonants using regular expressions
vowels = re.findall(r'[aeiou]', test_str)
consonants = re.findall(r'[^aeiou]', test_str)
 
# Zip the lists together and join the result
result = ''.join([vowel + consonant for vowel, consonant in zip(vowels, consonants)])
 
# printing result
print("Alternate consonants vowels are: " + result)
 
#this code contributed by tvsk

Output

The original string is : gaeifgsbou
Alternate consonants vowels are: agefigosub

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Method #4 : Using operator.countOf() method

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Alternate vowels and consonants in String
# using operator.countOf() method
from itertools import zip_longest
import operator as op
# initializing string
test_str = "gaeifgsbou"
 
# printing original string
print("The original string is : " + test_str)
 
# Alternate vowels and consonants in String
# using operator.countOf() method
vowels = 'aeiouAEIOU'
test_vow = []
test_con = []
for ele in test_str:
   if op.countOf(vowels,ele)>0:
       test_vow.append(ele)
   elif ele not in vowels:
       test_con.append(ele)
res = ''.join(''.join(ele) for ele in zip_longest(test_vow, test_con, fillvalue =''))
 
# printing result
print("Alternate consonants vowels are: " + res)

Output

The original string is : gaeifgsbou
Alternate consonants vowels are: agefigosub

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

Method#5: using for loop and list comprehension

Python3




# initializing string
test_str = "gaeifgsbou"
 
# printing original string
print("The original string is : " + test_str)
 
# Alternate vowels and consonants in String
# using two for loops
vowels = ['a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u']
vowels_list = [char for char in test_str if char in vowels]
consonants_list = [char for char in test_str if char not in vowels]
res = ''
for i in range(len(vowels_list)):
    res += vowels_list[i]
    if i < len(consonants_list):
        res += consonants_list[i]
 
# printing result
print("Alternate consonants vowels are: " + res)
#This code is contrbuted by Vinay Pinjala.

Output

The original string is : gaeifgsbou
Alternate consonants vowels are: agefigosub

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)


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