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Python | Adding image in Kivy using .kv file
  • Last Updated : 07 Feb, 2020

Kivy is a platform independent GUI tool in Python. As it can be run on Android, IOS, linux and Windows etc. It is basically used to develop the Android application, but it does not mean that it can not be used on Desktops applications.

👉🏽 Kivy Tutorial – Learn Kivy with Examples.

Image Widget:

The Image widget is used to display an image. To use the image widget you must have to import :

from kivy.uix.image import Image, AsyncImage (not necessary while working with .kv file)

because the module kivy.uix.image have all the functionality related to images.



Images can be loaded to the Application via two types:

1) Synchronous Loading: Loading image from the system (must be from the folder in which .py and .kv file is saved)
2) Asynchronous Loading: To load an image asynchronously (for example from an external webserver)

Note: By default, the image is centered and fits inside the widget bounding box. If you don’t want that, you can set allow_stretch to True and keep_ratio to False.

Basic Approach to create multiple layout in one file:
1) import kivy
2) import kivyApp
3) import image
4) import BoxLayout
5) set minimum version(optional)
6) Create the Layout class
7) Create App class
8) Create .kv file:
          1) Add BoxLayout
          2) Add Label
          3) Add Image
          4) Resizing, Positioning etc of Image 
9) return instance of the layout class
10) Run an instance of the class

So in the below code, we will explain How to load Synchronous and Asynchronous images. Also How to resize, Positioning, Label, etc the image with some more stuff.

.py file –




## Sample Python application demonstrating the  
## working with images in Kivy using .kv file  
    
################################################## 
# import kivy module    
import kivy  
      
# base Class of your App inherits from the App class.    
# app:always refers to the instance of your application   
from kivy.app import App 
    
# this restrict the kivy version i.e  
# below this kivy version you cannot  
# use the app or software  
kivy.require('1.9.0'
  
# BoxLayout arranges children in a vertical or horizontal box.
# or help to put the children at the desired location.
from kivy.uix.boxlayout import BoxLayout
   
# to change the kivy default settings we use this module config
from kivy.config import Config
   
# 0 being off 1 being on as in true / false
# you can use 0 or 1 && True or False
Config.set('graphics', 'resizable', True)
  
# creating the root widget used in .kv file
class Imagekv(BoxLayout):
    '''
        no need to do anything here as
        we are building things in .kv file
    '''
    pass
  
# class in which name .kv file must be named My.kv. 
class MyApp(App):
    # define build() function
    def build(self):
        # returning the instance of Imagekv class
        return Imagekv()
  
# run the App
if __name__ == '__main__':
    MyApp().run()

 
.kv file implementation –




# How to use images in kivy using .kv 
  
# root widget od Imagekv Calss
<Imagekv>:
  
    # Giving orentation to Box Layout
    orientation:'vertical'
  
###############################################
   
    # Adding Box Layoyt
    BoxLayout:
          
        padding:5
  
        # Adding image from the system
        Image:
            source: 'download.jpg'
  
            # Giving the size of image
            size_hint_x: 0.4
  
            # allow sterching of image 
            allow_stretch: True
              
        # Giving Label to images
        Label:
            text:"Python"
            font_size:11
            bold:True
  
        Label:
            text:"Programing Language"
            font_size:10
              
###############################################
   
   # Drawing the line between the multiples
    Label:
        canvas.before:
            Color: 
                rgba: (1, 1, 1, 1)
            Rectangle:
                size: self.size
                pos: self.pos
        size_hint_y: None
        height: 1
  
################################################
   
    # Another Box Layout
    BoxLayout:
        padding:5
        Image:
            source:"downloadimg.jpg"
            size_hint_x: 0.4
            allow_stretch: True
  
        Label:
            text:"Image"
            font_size:11
            bold:True
  
        Label:
            text:"Python Image"
            font_size:10
              
#############################################
   
    # Drawing the line between the multiples
    Label:
        canvas.before:
            Color: 
                rgba: (1, 1, 1, 1)
            Rectangle:
                size: self.size
                pos: self.pos
        size_hint_y: None
        height: 1
          
###############################################
   
    # Adding next Box Layout
    BoxLayout:
        padding:5
  
        # To load an image asynchronously
        # (for example from an external webserver) 
        AsyncImage:
            source: 'http://kivy.org/logos/kivy-logo-black-64.png'
            width: 100
            allow_stretch: True
  
        Label:
            text:" Asynchronous Image "
            font_size:11
            bold:True
  
        Label:
            text:"Kivy Logo"
            font_size:10
  
####################################################
              
    # Drawing the line between the multiples
    Label:
        canvas.before:
            Color: 
                rgba: (1, 1, 1, 1)
            Rectangle:
                size: self.size
                pos: self.pos
        size_hint_y: None
        height: 1
  
#####################################################
   
    # LAst Box Layout
    BoxLayout:
        padding:5
          
        AsyncImage:
            size_hint_y: None
            source: 'http://kivy.org/slides/kivypictures-thumb.jpg'
            width: 100
            allow_stretch: True
  
        Label:
            text:"Asynchronous Image "
            font_size:11
            bold:True
  
        Label:
            text:" Webserver image "
            font_size:10

Output:

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