Given four points, check whether they form Pythagorean Quadruple. It is defined as a tuple of integers a, b, c, d such that . They are basically the solutions of Diophantine Equations. In the geometric interpretation it represents a cuboid with integer side lengths |a|, |b|, |c| and whose space diagonal is |d| .
The cuboids sides shown here are examples of pythagorean quadruples. It is primitive when their greatest common divisor is 1. Every Pythagorean quadruple is an integer multiple of a primitive quadruple. We can generate the set of primitive pythagorean quadruples for which a is odd can be generated by formula :
a = m2 + n2 – p2 – q2, b = 2(mq + np), c = 2(nq – mp), d = m2 + n2 + p2 + q2
where m, n, p, q are non-negative integers with greatest common divisor 1 such that m + n + p + q are odd. Thus, all primitive Pythagorean quadruples are characterized by Lebesgue’s identity.
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