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  • Last Updated : 19 Dec, 2021

In this article, we are going to discuss Groupby function in PySpark using Python.

Let’s create the dataframe for demonstration:

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# display
dataframe.show()

Output:

In PySpark,  groupBy() is used to collect the identical data into groups on the PySpark DataFrame and perform aggregate functions on the grouped data

The aggregation operation includes:

  • count(): This will return the count of rows for each group.

dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group’).count()

  • mean(): This will return the mean of values for each group.

dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group’).mean(‘column_name’)

  • max(): This will return the maximum of values for each group.

dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group’).max(‘column_name’)

  • min(): This will return the minimum of values for each group.

dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group’).min(‘column_name’)

  • sum(): This will return the total values for each group.

dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group’).sum(‘column_name’)

  • avg(): This will return the average for values for each group.

dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group’).avg(‘column_name’).show()

We have to use any one of the functions with groupby while using the method

Syntax: dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group’).aggregate_operation(‘column_name’)

Example 1: Groupby with sum()

Groupby with DEPT along FEE with sum().

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT along FEE with sum()
dataframe.groupBy('DEPT').sum('FEE').show()

Output:

Example 2: Groupby with min()

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT along FEE with min()
dataframe.groupBy('DEPT').min('FEE').show()

Output:

Example 3: Groupby with max()

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT along FEE with max()
dataframe.groupBy('DEPT').max('FEE').show()

Output:

Example 4: Groupby with avg()

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT along FEE with avg()
dataframe.groupBy('DEPT').avg('FEE').show()

Output:

Example 5: Groupby with count()

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT  with count()
dataframe.groupBy('DEPT').count().show()

Output:

Example 6: Groupby with mean()

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT  with mean()
dataframe.groupBy('DEPT').mean('FEE').show()

Output:

Applying groupby() on multiple columns

Here we are going to use groupby() on multiple columns.

Syntax: dataframe.groupBy(‘column_name_group1′,’column_name_group2′,…………,’column_name_group n’).aggregate_operation(‘column_name’)

Example 1: Groupby with mean() functions with DEPT and NAME

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT and NAME with mean()
dataframe.groupBy('DEPT', 'NAME').mean('FEE').show()

Output:

We can also  groupBy and aggregate on multiple columns at a time by using the following syntax:

dataframe.groupBy(“group_column”).agg( max(“column_name”),sum(“column_name”),min(“column_name”),mean(“column_name”),count(“column_name”)).show()

We have to import these agg functions from the module sql.functions.

Example:

Python3




# importing module
import pyspark
  
# import sum, min,avg,count,mean and max functions
from pyspark.sql.functions import sum, max, min, avg, count, mean
  
# importing sparksession from pyspark.sql module
from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
  
# creating sparksession and giving an app name
spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('sparkdf').getOrCreate()
  
# list  of student  data
data = [["1", "sravan", "IT", 45000],
        ["2", "ojaswi", "CS", 85000],
        ["3", "rohith", "CS", 41000],
        ["4", "sridevi", "IT", 56000],
        ["5", "bobby", "ECE", 45000],
        ["6", "gayatri", "ECE", 49000],
        ["7", "gnanesh", "CS", 45000],
        ["8", "bhanu", "Mech", 21000]
        ]
  
# specify column names
columns = ['ID', 'NAME', 'DEPT', 'FEE']
  
# creating a dataframe from the lists of data
dataframe = spark.createDataFrame(data, columns)
  
# Groupby with DEPT  with sum() , min() , max()
dataframe.groupBy("DEPT").agg(max("FEE"), sum("FEE"),
                              min("FEE"), mean("FEE"), 
                              count("FEE")).show()

Output:


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