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Pull to Refresh with RecyclerView in Android with Example
  • Last Updated : 10 Nov, 2020

The SwipeRefreshLayout widget is used for implementing a swipe-to-refresh user interface design pattern. Where the user uses the vertical swipe gesture to refresh the content of the views. The vertical swipe is detected by the SwipeRefreshLayout widget and it displays a distinct progress bar and triggers the callback methods in the app. In order to use this behavior, we need to use the SwipeRefreshLayout widget as the parent of a ListView or GridView. These Material Desing UI Patterns are seen in applications like Gmail, Youtube, Facebook, Instagram, etc. It allows the user to refresh the application manually. SwipeRefreshLayout class contains a listener called OnRefreshListener. The classes which want to use this listener should implement SwipeRefreshLayout.OnRefreshListener interface. On vertical swipe-down gesture, this listener is triggered and onRefresh() method is called and can be overridden according to the needs. 

Example

In this example, we would store data into the ArrayList which is used for populating the RecyclerView. Whenever onRefresh() method is called the ArrayList data gets rearranged. A sample GIF is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article. Note that we are going to implement this project using the Java language. 

Pull to Refresh with RecyclerView in Android

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Java as the programming language.



Step 2: Adding dependencies

We are going to use RecyclerView and SwipeRefreshLayout. So, we need to add dependencies for them. For adding these dependencies Go to Gradle Scripts > build.gradle(Module: app) and add the following dependencies. After adding these dependencies you need to click on Sync Now.

dependencies {

   implementation “androidx.recyclerview:recyclerview:1.1.0”

   implementation “androidx.swiperefreshlayout:swiperefreshlayout:1.1.0”

}

Before moving further let’s add some color attributes in order to enhance the app bar. Go to app > res > values > colors.xml and add the following color attributes. 

XML



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<resources
    <color name="colorPrimary">#0F9D58</color
    <color name="colorPrimaryDark">#16E37F</color
    <color name="colorAccent">#03DAC5</color
</resources>

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Step 3: Working with the activity_main.xml file

In this step, we will create SwipeRefreshLayout and Add RecyclerView to it. Go to app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the following code snippet.

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/swipeRefreshLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
  
    <androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
        android:id="@+id/recyclerView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />
  
</androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout>

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Step 4: Create a new layout file list_item.xml for the list items of RecyclerView.

Go to the app > res > layout > right-click > New > Layout Resource File and name it as list_item. list_item.xml layout file contains an ImageView and a TextView which is used for populating the rows of RecyclerView.

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout 
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_margin="10dp"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:padding="10dp">
  
    <!--For image src we have used ic_launcher
        and for text "GeeksForGeeks they are used only for
        reference how it will looks"-->
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView"
        android:layout_width="120dp"
        android:layout_height="120dp"
        android:scaleType="fitXY"
        android:src="@mipmap/ic_launcher" />
  
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
        android:paddingStart="10dp"
        android:text="GeeksForGeeks" />
  
</LinearLayout>

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Step 5: Creating Adapter class for RecyclerView

Now, we will create an Adapter.java class that will extend the RecyclerView.Adapter with ViewHolder. Go to the app > java > package > right-click and create a new java class and name it as Adapter. In Adapter class we will override the onCreateViewHolder() method which will inflate the list_item.xml layout and pass it to View Holder. Then onBindViewHolder() method where we set data to the Views with the help of View Holder. Below is the code snippet for Adapter.java class.

Java

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import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
import java.util.ArrayList;
  
// Extends the Adapter class to RecyclerView.Adapter
// and implement the unimplemented methods
public class Adapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<Adapter.ViewHolder> {
    ArrayList images, text;
    Context context;
  
    // Constructor for initialization
    public Adapter(Context context, ArrayList images, ArrayList text) {
        this.context = context;
        this.images = images;
        this.text = text;
    }
  
    @NonNull
    @Override
    public Adapter.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        // Inflating the Layout(Instantiates list_item.xml layout file into View object)
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.list_item, parent, false);
          
        // Passing view to ViewHolder
        Adapter.ViewHolder viewHolder = new Adapter.ViewHolder(view);
        return viewHolder;
    }
  
    // Binding data to the into specified position
    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull Adapter.ViewHolder holder, int position) {
        // TypeCast Object to int type
        int res = (int) images.get(position);
        holder.images.setImageResource(res);
        holder.text.setText((CharSequence) text.get(position));
    }
  
    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        // Returns number of items currently available in Adapter
        return text.size();
    }
  
    // Initializing the Views
    public class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
        ImageView images;
        TextView text;
  
        public ViewHolder(View view) {
            super(view);
            images = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.imageView);
            text = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.textView);
        }
    }
}

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Step 6: Working with MainActivity.java file

In MainActivity.java class we create two ArrayList for storing images and text. These images are placed in the drawable folder(app > res > drawable). You can use any images in place of this. And then we get the reference of SwipeRefreshLayout and RecyclerView and set the LayoutManager and Adapter to show items in RecyclerView and implement onRefreshListener. Below is the code for the MainActivity.java file.

Java

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import android.os.Bundle;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.LinearLayoutManager;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
import androidx.swiperefreshlayout.widget.SwipeRefreshLayout;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Random;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    SwipeRefreshLayout swipeRefreshLayout;
    RecyclerView recyclerView;
      
    // Using ArrayList to store images and text data
    ArrayList images = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(R.drawable.facebook, R.drawable.twitter,
                    R.drawable.instagram, R.drawable.linkedin, R.drawable.youtube, R.drawable.whatsapp));
    ArrayList text = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList("Facebook", "Twitter", "Instagram", "LinkedIn", "Youtube", "Whatsapp"));
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  
        // Getting reference of swipeRefreshLayout and recyclerView
        swipeRefreshLayout = (SwipeRefreshLayout) findViewById(R.id.swipeRefreshLayout);
        recyclerView = (RecyclerView) findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);
          
        // Setting the layout as Linear for vertical orientation to have swipe behavior
        LinearLayoutManager linearLayoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(getApplicationContext());
        recyclerView.setLayoutManager(linearLayoutManager);
          
        // Sending reference and data to Adapter
        Adapter adapter = new Adapter(MainActivity.this, images, text);
          
        // Setting Adapter to RecyclerView
        recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);
          
        // SetOnRefreshListener on SwipeRefreshLayout
        swipeRefreshLayout.setOnRefreshListener(new SwipeRefreshLayout.OnRefreshListener() {
            @Override
            public void onRefresh() {
                swipeRefreshLayout.setRefreshing(false);
                RearrangeItems();
            }
        });
    }
  
    public void RearrangeItems() {
        // Shuffling the data of ArrayList using system time
        Collections.shuffle(images, new Random(System.currentTimeMillis()));
        Collections.shuffle(text, new Random(System.currentTimeMillis()));
        Adapter adapter = new Adapter(MainActivity.this, images, text);
        recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);
    }
}

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Output:


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