Properties compute(Key, BiFunction) method in Java with Examples

The compute(Key, BiFunction) method of Properties class allows to compute a mapping for the specified key and its current mapped value (or null if there is no current mapping is found).

  • If the remapping function passed in compute() of Properties returns null as a return value then the mapping is removed from Properties(or remains absent if initially absent).
  • If the remapping function throws an exception, the exception is rethrown, and the current mapping is left unchanged.
  • During computation, modification this map using this method is not allowed.
  • This method will throw a ConcurrentModificationException if the remapping function modified this map during computation.

Syntax:

public Object compute?(Object key,
                      BiFunction remappingFunction)

Parameters: This method accepts two parameters:



  • key: key with which the value is to be associated.
  • remappingFunction: function to do the operation on value.

Returns: This method returns new value associated with the specified key, or null if none.

Exception: This method throws ConcurrentModificationException if it is detected that the remapping function modified this map.

Below programs illustrate the compute(Key, BiFunction) method:

Program 1:

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// Java program to demonstrate
// compute(Key, BiFunction) method.
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
  
    // Main method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Create a properties and add some values
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        properties.put("Pen", 10);
        properties.put("Book", 500);
        properties.put("Clothes", 400);
        properties.put("Mobile", 5000);
  
        // print Properties details
        System.out.println("Current Properties: "
                           + properties.toString());
  
        // remap the values of Properties
        // using compute method
        properties.compute("Pen", (key, val)
                                      -> 15);
        properties.compute("Clothes", (key, val)
                                          -> 120);
  
        // print new mapping
        System.out.println("New Properties: "
                           + properties.toString());
    }
}

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Output:

Current Properties: {Book=500, Mobile=5000, Pen=10, Clothes=400}
New Properties: {Book=500, Mobile=5000, Pen=15, Clothes=120}

Program 2:

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// Java program to demonstrate
// compute(Key, BiFunction) method.
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG {
  
    // Main method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Create a properties and add some values
        Properties properties = new Properties();
  
        properties.put(1, "100RS");
        properties.put(2, "500RS");
        properties.put(3, "1000RS");
  
        // print Properties details
        System.out.println("Current Properties: "
                           + properties.toString());
  
        // remap the values of Properties
        // using compute method
        properties.compute(3, (key, val)
                                  -> "00RS");
        properties.compute(2, (key, val)
                                  -> "$");
  
        // print new mapping
        System.out.println("New Properties: "
                           + properties.toString());
    }
}

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Output:

Current Properties: {3=1000RS, 2=500RS, 1=100RS}
New Properties: {3=00RS, 2=$, 1=100RS}

References: https://docs.oracle.com/javase/9/docs/api/java/util/Properties.html#compute-java.lang.Object-java.util.function.BiFunction-



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