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Which Programming Language to Choose?

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One of the most annoying question today is which programming language should be chosen for the sake of education/career or anything. Answer for this question to many programmers ends up with C or C++, or mostly Java but why C? why C++? Why Java?. Today many software exists, to solve a problem but also to interfere with another software. nowadays interdependency is taking growth but before jumping directly to the question, which language to choose from let’s start from some basics of a programming language. Basically, there are two kinds of languages:

  • Low-level language
  • High-level language

A Low-level language is easy for a computer to understand, Super duper fast, provides more flexibility in what you can do but it is difficult for humans to understand and the Code may not run on other machines. Examples of low-level languages are assembly and machine code. Whereas a High-level language is easy for humans to use and debug, Same code runs on many machines but slower for computers (fractions of milliseconds) and more limited in what you can do. Examples of High-level languages are Python, Visual Basic, Delphi, Perl, PHP, ECMAScript, Ruby, C#, Java and many others.

Consider e.g. Google uses 4 Official Programming language  

So, connecting every module is important. Here the aspect is important that we should know about these 4-programming languages to solve this interdependency. 

Many programming languages are out there in the market. Each one changes with syntax, complexity, behaviour, feature, but always remember their core remains the same 

While learning our first programming language it is quite challenging to learn syntax, understand it’s meaning, to solve the error, proper compilation. But then after it is easy to learn another language. We have to take in consideration about its syntax, feature, & the difference. 

It’s not essential to understand each and everything for the first time. 

If you are worried about your placement, job, career. you should take in mind that the companies like Google /Microsoft asked you to solve a problem in whatever language you feel comfortable.

It entirely depends on the requirement of the project while choosing a programming language like:

  • To Analyze data: SQL (old), Python, R (new), Matlab.
  • For Automation: Ruby, JavaScript, Python.
  • For Understanding tech: Fortran (outdated), Apple uses swift, objective-C, Cocoa, Xcode; Microsoft uses C#, React Native, ReactXP; Facebook uses PHP, React, Cassandra, Flux.
  • For games: For simple 2D games Python is used in PyGame, JavaScript is used in Phaser. For complex 3D games C# used in unity, C++ is used in unreal engine.
  • For websites: JavaScript, HTML, CSS.
  • For Android: Java, Android Studio & SDK.
  • For iOS/MacOS: Swift (or Objective-C), Xcode, iOS SDK, Cocoa.
  • For Windows:  C, C++, C#, .NET, Windows SDK. 

    Still in confusion ??? than take into consideration about these points 

  1. The company you want to join: 
    Take a short overview of that company. which programming language are they using …. What aspects they are taking in consideration 

    e.g. Amazon uses JavaScript for front-end and Java, C++ and Perl for the back-end. so, if you want to join Amazon you should be focusing on these languages.

  2. Area of Interest: 
    If you are interested in android then you should go for Java (while some portion 
    of code can be in C, C++, Kotlin). 

    Similarly, for Web -Development you should be aware of NodeJS. To mine Website for data, Python is a must. To become Back-End developer SQL is needed.

Ultimately Choosing a Programming language to depend on what you want to do. 

Plenty of Programmers become frustrated because they are not getting what they are doing. so, they keep switching language. Always remember is you understood what you are doing they you are not going to learn anything new. 

Always be master in one rather than to learn multiple Programming Language. Any language you choose you should be confident and efficient in that. 

Good Luck!  

Last Updated : 21 Jan, 2021
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