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Program to print the Fish Pattern

  • Last Updated : 23 Nov, 2021

Given an integer N, the task is to print a pattern of fish over 2N+1 rows.

Example:

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Input: N=3
Output:
        *      
      ***    *
   *****  **
**********
   *****  **
      ***    *
        *      



Input: N=5
Output:
              *          
            ***        *
         *****      **
      *******    ***
   *********  ****
****************
   *********  ****
      *******    ***
         *****      **
            ***        *
              *     

Approach: The fish consists of three parts:

  • Upper Part: Over N rows.
  • Middle Part: Singe row in the middle
  • Lower Part: Over N rows

Now, let’s try to understand the pattern using an example:
For N=3, the fish is:

Now, to solve this question, follow the steps below:

  1. First, create the upper part:
    • Run a loop for i=0 to i<N, and in each iteration of the loop:
      • As depicted in the above image that first a string, say spaces1 having M (initially M=N) spaces appear, then a layer of stars, let’s say stars1 having only 1 star, then the string spaces1 appears 2 times (having 2*M spaces) and then another layer of stars, say stars2 having 0 stars initially.
      • Now in each iteration, spaces1 got reduced by a space, stars1 got increased by 2 stars and stars2 by 1 star.
  2. For the middle part, just print both stars1 and stars2, as no spaces appear in this row.
  3. Now, to get the lower part, reverse the algorithm for the upper part.
  4. After the loop ends, the pattern of fish will be created.

Below is the implementation of the above approach.

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to print the pattern of a fish
// over N rows
void printFish(int N)
{
 
    string spaces1 = "", spaces2 = "";
    string stars1 = "*", stars2 = "";
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
        spaces1 += ' ';
    }
    spaces2 = spaces1;
 
    for (int i = 0; i < 2 * N + 1; ++i) {
        // For upper part
        if (i < N) {
            cout << spaces1 << stars1
                 << spaces1 << spaces1
                 << stars2 << endl;
            spaces1.pop_back();
            stars1 += "**";
            stars2 += "*";
        }
 
        // For middle part
        if (i == N) {
            cout << spaces1 << stars1
                 << spaces1 << spaces1
                 << stars2 << endl;
        }
 
        // For lower part
        if (i > N) {
            spaces1 += ' ';
            stars1.pop_back();
            stars1.pop_back();
            stars2.pop_back();
            cout << spaces1 << stars1
                 << spaces1 << spaces1
                 << stars2 << endl;
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int N = 5;
    printFish(N);
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
class GFG {
 
    // Function to print the pattern of a fish
    // over N rows
    public static void printFish(int N) {
 
        String spaces1 = "";
        String stars1 = "*", stars2 = "";
        for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
            spaces1 += ' ';
        }
 
        for (int i = 0; i < 2 * N + 1; ++i)
        {
           
            // For upper part
            if (i < N) {
                System.out.print(spaces1 + stars1 + spaces1 + spaces1);
                System.out.println(stars2);
                spaces1 = spaces1.substring(0, spaces1.length() - 1);
                stars1 += "**";
                stars2 += "*";
            }
 
            // For middle part
            if (i == N) {
                System.out.print(spaces1 + stars1 + spaces1 + spaces1);
                System.out.println(stars2);
            }
 
            // For lower part
            if (i > N) {
                spaces1 += ' ';
                stars1 = stars1.substring(0, stars1.length() - 1);
                stars1 = stars1.substring(0, stars1.length() - 1);
                stars2 = stars2.substring(0, stars2.length() - 1);
                System.out.print(spaces1 + stars1 + spaces1 + spaces1);
                System.out.println(stars2);
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        int N = 5;
        printFish(N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by gfgking.

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to print the pattern of a fish
# over N rows
def printFish(N) :
 
    spaces1 = ""; spaces2 = "";
    stars1 = "*"; stars2 = "";
    for i in range(N) :
        spaces1 += ' ';
 
    spaces2 = spaces1;
 
    for i in range( 2 * N + 1) :
        # For upper part
        if (i < N) :
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(stars1,end="");
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(stars2);
            spaces1 = spaces1[:-1]
            stars1 += "**";
            stars2 += "*";
 
        # For middle part
        if (i == N) :
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(stars1,end="");
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(stars2);
 
        # For lower part
        if (i > N) :
            spaces1 += ' ';
            stars1 = stars1[:-1];
            stars1 = stars1[:-1];
            stars2 = stars2[:-1];
             
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(stars1,end="")
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(spaces1,end="");
            print(stars2);
  
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__" :
 
    N = 5;
    printFish(N);
 
    # This code is contributed by AnkThon

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG {
 
    // Function to print the pattern of a fish
    // over N rows
    static void printFish(int N) {
 
        string spaces1 = "";
        string stars1 = "*", stars2 = "";
        for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
            spaces1 += ' ';
        }
 
        for (int i = 0; i < 2 * N + 1; ++i)
        {
           
            // For upper part
            if (i < N) {
                Console.Write(spaces1 + stars1 + spaces1 + spaces1);
                Console.Write(stars2 + "\n");
                spaces1 = spaces1.Substring(0, spaces1.Length - 1);
                stars1 += "**";
                stars2 += "*";
            }
 
            // For middle part
            if (i == N) {
                Console.Write(spaces1 + stars1 + spaces1 + spaces1);
                Console.Write(stars2 + "\n");
            }
 
            // For lower part
            if (i > N) {
                spaces1 += ' ';
                stars1 = stars1.Substring(0, stars1.Length - 1);
                stars1 = stars1.Substring(0, stars1.Length - 1);
                stars2 = stars2.Substring(0, stars2.Length - 1);
                Console.Write(spaces1 + stars1 + spaces1 + spaces1);
                Console.Write(stars2 + "\n");
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main() {
        int N = 5;
        printFish(N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Samim Hossain Mondal.

Javascript




<script>
    // JavaScript program for the above approach
 
    // Function to print the pattern of a fish
    // over N rows
    const printFish = (N) => {
 
        let spaces1 = "", spaces2 = "";
        let stars1 = "*", stars2 = "";
        for (let i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
            spaces1 += "  ";
        }
        spaces2 = spaces1;
 
        for (let i = 0; i < 2 * N + 1; ++i) {
            // For upper part
            if (i < N) {
                document.write(`${spaces1}${stars1}${spaces1}${spaces1}${stars2}<br/>`);
                spaces1 = spaces1.substr(0, spaces1.length - 10);
                stars1 += "**";
                stars2 += "*";
            }
 
            // For middle part
            if (i == N) {
                document.write(`${spaces1}${stars1}${spaces1}${spaces1}${stars2}<br/>`);
            }
 
            // For lower part
            if (i > N) {
                spaces1 += "  ";
                stars1 = stars1.substr(0, stars1.length - 2);
                stars2 = stars2.substr(0, stars2.length - 1);
                document.write(`${spaces1}${stars1}${spaces1}${spaces1}${stars2}<br/>`);
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    let N = 5;
    printFish(N);
 
    // This code is contributed by rakeshsahni
 
</script>

 
 

Output
     *          
    ***        *
   *****      **
  *******    ***
 *********  ****
****************
 *********  ****
  *******    ***
   *****      **
    ***        *
     *          

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

 




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