Program to print the berth of given railway seat number

Given a railway seat number, the task is to check whether it is a valid seat number or not. Also print its berth type i.e lower berth, middle berth, upper berth, side lower berth, side upper berth as per the figure below.

Examples:

Input: 10
Output: middle berth

Input: 7
Output: side lower berth

Approach:

  • Check if seat number is valid seat number or not(i.e in range of 1 to 72).
    1. if (seat_number % 8) equals 1 or 4, then berth is a lower berth
    2. if (seat_number % 8) equals 2 or 5, then berth is a middle berth
    3. if (seat_number % 8) equals 3 or 6, then berth is an upper berth
    4. if (seat_number % 8) equals 7, then berth is a side lower berth
    5. if (seat_number % 8) equals 0 then berth is a side upper berth

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

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// C++ program to print
// berth type of a provided
// seat number.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>
using namespace std;
  
// function to print berth type
void berth_type(int s)
{
    std::cout << std::fixed;
    std::cout << std::setprecision(2);
    if (s > 0 && s < 73)
        if (s % 8 == 1 || 
            s % 8 == 4)
            cout  << s << " is a lower berth\n";
              
        else if (s % 8 == 2 || 
                s % 8 == 5)
            cout  << s << " is a middle berth\n";
              
        else if(s % 8 == 3 || 
                s % 8 == 6)
            cout  << s << " is a upper berth\n";
              
        else if(s % 8 == 7)
            cout  << s << " is a side lower berth\n";
              
        else
            cout  << s << " is a side upper berth\n";
              
    else
        cout  << s << " invalid seat number\n";
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int s = 10;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
  
    s = 7;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
  
    s = 0;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
    return 0;
}
  
// This code is contributed 
// by Amber_Saxena.

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C

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// C program to print
// berth type of a provided
// seat number.
#include <stdio.h>
  
// function to print berth type
void berth_type(int s)
{
    if (s > 0 && s < 73)
        if (s % 8 == 1 || 
            s % 8 == 4)
            printf("%d is lower berth\n", s);
              
        else if (s % 8 == 2 || 
                 s % 8 == 5)
            printf("%d is middle berth\n", s);
              
        else if(s % 8 == 3 || 
                s % 8 == 6)
            printf("%d is upper berth\n", s);
              
        else if(s % 8 == 7)
            printf("%d is side lower berth\n", s);
              
        else
            printf("%d is side upper berth\n", s);
              
    else
        printf("%d invalid seat number\n", s);
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int s = 10;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
  
    s = 7;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
  
    s = 0;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
    return 0;
}
  
// This code is contributed 
// by Amber_Saxena.

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Java

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// Java program to print
// berth type of a provided
// seat number.
import java .io.*;
  
class GFG
{
      
// Function for
// printing berth type
static void berth_type(int s)
{
      
    if (s > 0 && s < 73)
        if (s % 8 == 1 || 
            s % 8 == 4)
        System.out.println(s + 
                   " is lower berth");
        else if (s % 8 == 2 || 
                 s % 8 == 5)
            System.out.println(s +
                       " is middle berth");
        else if(s % 8 == 3 || 
                 s % 8 == 6)
            System.out.println(s + 
                       " is upper berth");
        else if(s % 8 == 7)
            System.out.println(s + 
                       " is side lower berth");
        else
            System.out.println(s + 
                       " is side upper berth");
    else
        System.out.println(s + 
                   " invalid seat number");
}
  
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
int s = 10;
berth_type(s); // fxn call for berth type 
  
s = 7;
berth_type(s); // fxn call for berth type 
  
s = 0;
berth_type(s); // fxn call for berth type 
}
}
  
// This code is contributed 
// by anuj_67.

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Python

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# Python program to print berth type
# of a provided seat number.
  
# Function for printing berth type
def berth_type(s): 
       
    if s>0 and s<73:
        if s % 8 == 1 or s % 8 == 4:
            print s, "is lower berth"
        elif s % 8 == 2 or s % 8 == 5:
            print s, "is middle berth"
        elif s % 8 == 3 or s % 8 == 6:
            print s, "is upper berth"
        elif s % 8 == 7:
            print s, "is side lower berth"
        else
            print s, "is side upper berth"
    else:
        print s, "invalid seat number"
  
# Driver code
s = 10
berth_type(s)      # fxn call for berth type
  
s = 7
berth_type(s)     # fxn call for berth type 
  
s = 0
berth_type(s)      # fxn call for berth type 

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C#

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// C# program to print
// berth type of a provided
// seat number.
using System; 
  
class GFG 
      
// function to print berth type
static void berth_type(int s) 
    if (s > 0 && s < 73)
    {
        if (s % 8 == 1 || 
            s % 8 == 4)
            Console.WriteLine(s + " is lower berth");
              
        else if (s % 8 == 2 || 
                 s % 8 == 5)
            Console.WriteLine(s + " is middle berth");
              
        else if(s % 8 == 3 || 
                s % 8 == 6)
            Console.WriteLine(s + " is upper berth");
              
        else if(s % 8 == 7)
            Console.WriteLine(s + " is side lower berth");
              
        else
            Console.WriteLine(s + " is side upper berth");
    }     
    else
        Console.WriteLine(s + " invalid seat number");
    return
  
// Driver code 
public static void Main() 
    int s = 10;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
  
    s = 7;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
  
    s = 0;
      
    // fxn call for berth type 
    berth_type(s); 
  
// This code is contributed 
// by Amber_Saxena. 

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PHP

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<?php 
// PHP program to print
// berth type of a provided
// seat number.
  
// function to print berth type
function berth_type($s
    if ($s > 0 && $s < 73)
    {
        if ($s % 8 == 1 || 
            $s % 8 == 4)
        {
            echo sprintf("%d is lower " .
                          "berth\n", $s);
        }
        else if ($s % 8 == 2 || 
                 $s % 8 == 5)
        {
            echo sprintf("%d is middle ".
                          "berth\n", $s);
        }
        else if($s % 8 == 3 ||
                $s % 8 == 6)
        {
            echo sprintf("%d is upper " .
                          "berth\n", $s);
        }
        else if($s % 8 == 7)
        {
            echo sprintf("%d is side lower ".
                              "berth\n", $s);
        }
        else
        {
            echo sprintf("%d is side upper ".
                              "berth\n", $s);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        echo sprintf("%d invalid seat "
                        "number\n", $s);
    }
  
// Driver Code 
$s = 10;
      
// fxn call for berth type 
berth_type($s); 
  
$s = 7;
      
// fxn call for berth type 
berth_type($s); 
  
$s = 0;
      
// fxn call for berth type 
berth_type($s);
  
// This code is contributed 
// by Amber_Saxena.
?> 

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Output:

10 is middle berth
7 is side lower berth
0 invalid seat number


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