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# Program to print Sine-Wave Pattern

• Last Updated : 13 Mar, 2023

Give the Height and Width of a Wave to print the Sine wave pattern
Examples:

```Input :  wave_height=5
wave_length=10
Output :

0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0
0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 ```

Approach:
First, check the row and column where the elements are needed to be printed. Then, use nested for loops to print the elements in the corresponding order. Separate loops are kept to keep track of the wave_height and wave_length.

## C++

 `// C++ program to print sign wave pattern.``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;`` ` `void` `printSinWave(``int` `wave_height, ``                  ``int` `wave_length) ``{``    ``// inner space and outer space.``    ``int` `is = 1, os = 2;`` ` `    ``// for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= wave_height; i++) ``    ``{`` ` `        ``// for loop for wave length``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= wave_length; j++)``        ``{`` ` `            ``// intermediate spaces``            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++)``            ``{``                ``cout << ``" "``;``            ``}`` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``cout << ``"0"``;`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= is; k++) ``                ``cout << ``" "``;     `` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``cout << ``"0"``;`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``                ``cout << ``" "``;``             ` `            ``cout << ``" "``;``        ``}`` ` `        ``// set a value of os to 1 if i+1 is not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 0 otherwise``        ``os = (i + 1 != wave_height);`` ` `        ``// set value of is to 3 if i+1 is not equal ``        ``// to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``is = (i + 1 != wave_height) ? 3 : 5;`` ` `        ``cout << ``"\n"``;``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `wave_height = 5, wave_length = 10;``    ``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length);``    ``return` `0;``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by shivanisinghss2110`

## C

 `// C program to print sign wave pattern.``#include `` ` `void` `printSinWave(``int` `wave_height, ``int` `wave_length) ``{``    ``// inner space and outer space.``    ``int` `is = 1, os = 2;`` ` `    ``// for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= wave_height; i++) {`` ` `        ``// for loop for wave length``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= wave_length; j++) {`` ` `            ``// intermediate spaces``            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) {``                ``printf``(``" "``);``            ``}`` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``printf``(``"0"``);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= is; k++) ``                ``printf``(``" "``);            `` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``printf``(``"0"``);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``                ``printf``(``" "``);``             ` `            ``printf``(``" "``);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// set a value of os to 1 if i+1 is not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 0 otherwise``        ``os = (i + 1 != wave_height);`` ` `        ``// set value of is to 3 if i+1 is not equal ``        ``// to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``is = (i + 1 != wave_height) ? 3 : 5;`` ` `        ``printf``(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `wave_height = 5, wave_length = 10;``    ``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length);``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to print``// sign wave pattern.``class` `GFG``{``static` `void` `printSinWave(``int` `wave_height, ``                         ``int` `wave_length) ``{``    ``// inner space and outer space.``    ``int` `is = ``1``, os = ``2``;`` ` `    ``// for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``1``; ``             ``i <= wave_height; i++) ``    ``{`` ` `        ``// for loop for wave length``        ``for` `(``int` `j = ``1``; ``                 ``j <= wave_length; j++) ``        ``{`` ` `            ``// intermediate spaces``            ``for` `(``int` `k = ``1``; k <= os; k++) ``            ``{``                ``System.out.printf(``" "``);``            ``}`` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``System.out.printf(``"0"``);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = ``1``; k <= is; k++) ``                ``System.out.printf(``" "``);     `` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``System.out.printf(``"0"``);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = ``1``; k <= os; k++) ``                ``System.out.printf(``" "``);``             ` `            ``System.out.printf(``" "``);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// set a value of os to 1 if i+1  ``        ``// is not equal to wave height ``        ``// or 0 otherwise``        ``os = (i + ``1` `!= wave_height) ? ``1` `: ``0``;`` ` `        ``// set value of is to 3 if i+1 is not  ``        ``// equal to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``is = (i + ``1` `!= wave_height) ? ``3` `: ``5``;`` ` `        ``System.out.printf(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String []args)``{``    ``int` `wave_height = ``5``, wave_length = ``10``;``    ``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length);``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by Smitha`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to print sign wave pattern.`` ` `def` `printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length):`` ` `    ``# inner space and outer space.``    ``Is ``=` `1``    ``os ``=` `2`` ` `    ``# for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, wave_height ``+` `1``):`` ` `        ``# for loop for wave length``        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``1``, wave_length ``+` `1``):`` ` `            ``# intermediate spaces``            ``for` `k ``in` `range``(``1``, os ``+` `1``):``                ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)``             ` `            ``# put any symbol``            ``print``(``"0"``, end ``=` `"")`` ` `            ``for` `k ``in` `range``(``1``, Is ``+` `1``): ``                ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)         `` ` `            ``# put any symbol``            ``print``(``"0"``, end ``=` `"")`` ` `            ``for` `k ``in` `range``(``1``, os ``+` `1``):``                ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)``             ` `            ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)``         ` `        ``# set a value of os to 1 if i+1 Is not ``        ``# equal to wave height or 0 otherwise``        ``if` `(i ``+` `1` `!``=` `wave_height):``            ``os ``=` `1``        ``else``:``            ``os ``=` `0``             ` `        ``# set value of Is to 3 if i+1 Is not ``        ``# equal to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``if` `(i ``+` `1` `!``=` `wave_height):``            ``Is ``=` `3``        ``else``:``            ``Is ``=` `5``        ``print``() `` ` `# Driver code``wave_height, wave_length ``=` `5``, ``10``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length)`` ` `# This code is contributed by ``# Mohit kumar 29`

## C#

 `// C# program to print``// sign wave pattern.``using` `System;`` ` `class` `GFG``{``static` `void` `printSinWave(``int` `wave_height, ``                         ``int` `wave_length) ``{``    ``// inner space and outer space.``    ``int` `Is = 1, os = 2;`` ` `    ``// for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; ``            ``i <= wave_height; i++) ``    ``{`` ` `        ``// for loop for wave length``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; ``                 ``j <= wave_length; j++) ``        ``{`` ` `            ``// intermediate spaces``            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``            ``{``                ``Console.Write(``" "``);``            ``}`` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``Console.Write(``"0"``);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= Is; k++) ``                ``Console.Write(``" "``); `` ` `            ``// put any symbol``            ``Console.Write(``"0"``);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``                ``Console.Write(``" "``);``             ` `            ``Console.Write(``" "``);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// set a value of os to 1 if i+1 ``        ``// is not equal to wave height ``        ``// or 0 otherwise``        ``os = (i + 1 != wave_height) ? 1 : 0;`` ` `        ``// set value of is to 3 if i+1 is not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``Is = (i + 1 != wave_height) ? 3 : 5;`` ` `        ``Console.Write(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `Main()``{``    ``int` `wave_height = 5, wave_length = 10;``    ``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length);``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed ``// by Akanksha Rai(Abby_akku)`

## Javascript

 ``

Output:

```  0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0
0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0
0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0 0     0```

Time complexity: O(h*l), Here h and l are wave height and wave length respectively.
Auxiliary space: O(1), As constant extra space is used.

How to print a sin wave of letters?

```Input :  wave_height=5
wave_length=10
Output :

E F     O P     Y Z     I J     S T     C D     M N     W X     G H     Q R
D   G   N   Q   X   A   H   K   R   U   B   E   L   O   V   Y   F   I   P   S
C   H   M   R   W   B   G   L   Q   V   A   F   K   P   U   Z   E   J   O   T
B   I   L   S   V   C   F   M   P   W   Z   G   J   Q   T   A   D   K   N   U
A     J K     T U     D E     N O     X Y     H I     R S     B C     L M     V ```

The approach is the same as above, now instead of using a single element, we use all of the 26 English alphabets in Upper_Case.

## C++

 `// C++ program to print sign wave pattern.``#include `` ` `void` `printSinWave(``int` `wave_height, ``int` `wave_length) ``{`` ` `    ``// inner space and outer space.``    ``int` `is = 1, os = 2;`` ` `    ``int` `inc = 1;``    ``int` `jump = (wave_height * 3) - (wave_height + 1);``    ``int` `ch = ``'A'` `+ wave_height - 1;`` ` `    ``// for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= wave_height; i++) {`` ` `        ``// for loop for wave length``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= wave_length; j++) {`` ` `            ``// intermediate spaces``            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``                ``printf``(``" "``);            ``            ``printf``(``"%c"``, ch);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= is; k++) ``                ``printf``(``" "``);           ``  ` `            ``ch += inc;`` ` `            ``if` `(ch > ``'Z'``) ``                ``ch = ch - 26;            ``            ``printf``(``"%c"``, ch);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``                ``printf``(``" "``); `` ` `            ``printf``(``" "``);``            ``ch += jump;``            ``if` `(ch > ``'Z'``) ``                ``ch = ch - 26;            ``        ``}`` ` `        ``// set value of os to 1 if i+1 is not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 0 otherwise``        ``os = (i + 1 != wave_height);`` ` `        ``// set value of is to 3 if i+1 is not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``is = (i + 1 != wave_height) ? 3 : 5;`` ` `        ``ch = ``'A'` `+ wave_height - i - 1;``        ``inc = inc + 2;``        ``jump -= 2;`` ` `        ``printf``(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `wave_height = 5, wave_length = 10;``    ``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length);``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to print sign wave pattern.``class` `GFG``{ ``static` `void` `printSinWave(``int` `wave_height, ``                         ``int` `wave_length) ``{`` ` `    ``// inner space and outer space.``    ``int` `is = ``1``, os = ``2``;`` ` `    ``int` `inc = ``1``;``    ``int` `jump = (wave_height * ``3``) - ``               ``(wave_height + ``1``);``    ``int` `ch = ``'A'` `+ wave_height - ``1``;`` ` `    ``// for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``1``; i <= wave_height; i++)``    ``{`` ` `        ``// for loop for wave length``        ``for` `(``int` `j = ``1``; j <= wave_length; j++) ``        ``{`` ` `            ``// intermediate spaces``            ``for` `(``int` `k = ``1``; k <= os; k++) ``                ``System.out.printf(``" "``);         ``            ``System.out.printf(``"%c"``, ch);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = ``1``; k <= is; k++) ``                ``System.out.printf(``" "``);         `` ` `            ``ch += inc;`` ` `            ``if` `(ch > ``'Z'``) ``                ``ch = ch - ``26``;         ``            ``System.out.printf(``"%c"``, ch);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = ``1``; k <= os; k++) ``                ``System.out.printf(``" "``); `` ` `            ``System.out.printf(``" "``);``            ``ch += jump;``            ``if` `(ch > ``'Z'``) ``                ``ch = ch - ``26``;         ``        ``}`` ` `        ``// set value of os to 1 if i+1 is not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 0 otherwise``        ``os = (i + ``1` `!= wave_height) ? ``1` `: ``0``;`` ` `        ``// set value of is to 3 if i+1 is not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``is = (i + ``1` `!= wave_height) ? ``3` `: ``5``;`` ` `        ``ch = ``'A'` `+ wave_height - i - ``1``;``        ``inc = inc + ``2``;``        ``jump -= ``2``;`` ` `        ``System.out.printf(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ``{``    ``int` `wave_height = ``5``, wave_length = ``10``;``    ``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length);``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992 `

## Python3

 `# Python program to print sign wave pattern.``def` `printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length):``     ` `    ``# inner space and outer space. ``    ``Is ``=` `1``    ``os ``=` `2``    ``inc ``=` `1``    ``jump ``=` `(wave_height ``*` `3``) ``-``(wave_height ``+` `1``)``    ``ch ``=` `ord``(``'A'``) ``+` `wave_height ``-` `1`` ` `    ``# for loop for height of wave ``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, wave_height ``+` `1``):``         ` `        ``# for loop for wave length ``        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``1``, wave_length ``+` `1``):``             ` `            ``# intermediate space``            ``for` `k ``in` `range``(``1``, os ``+` `1``):``                ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)``            ``print``(``chr``(ch), end ``=` `"")``            ``for` `k ``in` `range``(``1``, Is ``+` `1``):``                ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)``            ``ch ``+``=` `inc`` ` `            ``if``(ch > ``ord``(``'Z'``)):``                ``ch ``=` `ch ``-` `26``            ``print``(``chr``(ch), end ``=` `"")``            ``for` `k ``in` `range``(``1``, os ``+` `1``):``                ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)``            ``print``(end ``=` `" "``)``            ``ch ``+``=` `jump``            ``if``(ch > ``ord``(``'Z'``)):``                ``ch ``=` `ch ``-` `26``                 ` `        ``# set value of os to 1 if i+1 is not  ``        ``# equal to wave height or 0 otherwise ``        ``if``(i ``+` `1` `!``=` `wave_height):``            ``os ``=` `1``        ``else``:``            ``os ``=` `0`` ` `        ``# set value of is to 3 if i+1 is not  ``        ``# equal to wave height or 5 otherwise ``        ``if``(i ``+` `1` `!``=` `wave_height):``            ``Is ``=` `3``        ``else``:``            ``Is ``=` `5`` ` `        ``ch ``=` `ord``(``'A'``) ``+` `wave_height ``-` `i ``-` `1``        ``inc ``=` `inc ``+` `2``        ``jump ``-``=` `2``        ``print``()`` ` `# Driver code ``wave_height ``=` `5``wave_length ``=` `10``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length)`` ` `# This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155`

## C#

 `// C# program to print sign wave pattern.``using` `System;``     ` `class` `GFG``{ ``static` `void` `printSinWave(``int` `wave_height, ``                         ``int` `wave_length) ``{`` ` `    ``// inner space and outer space.``    ``int` `iS = 1, os = 2;`` ` `    ``int` `inc = 1;``    ``int` `jump = (wave_height * 3) - ``               ``(wave_height + 1);``    ``int` `ch = ``'A'` `+ wave_height - 1;`` ` `    ``// for loop for height of wave``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= wave_height; i++)``    ``{`` ` `        ``// for loop for wave length``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= wave_length; j++) ``        ``{`` ` `            ``// intermediate spaces``            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``                ``Console.Write(``" "``);         ``            ``Console.Write(``"{0}"``, (``char``)ch);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= iS; k++) ``                ``Console.Write(``" "``);         `` ` `            ``ch += inc;`` ` `            ``if` `(ch > ``'Z'``) ``                ``ch = ch - 26;         ``            ``Console.Write(``"{0}"``, (``char``)ch);`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `k = 1; k <= os; k++) ``                ``Console.Write(``" "``); `` ` `            ``Console.Write(``" "``);``            ``ch += jump;``            ``if` `(ch > ``'Z'``) ``                ``ch = ch - 26;         ``        ``}`` ` `        ``// set value of os to 1 if i+1 iS not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 0 otherwise``        ``os = (i + 1 != wave_height) ? 1 : 0;`` ` `        ``// set value of iS to 3 if i+1 iS not ``        ``// equal to wave height or 5 otherwise``        ``iS = (i + 1 != wave_height) ? 3 : 5;`` ` `        ``ch = ``'A'` `+ wave_height - i - 1;``        ``inc = inc + 2;``        ``jump -= 2;`` ` `        ``Console.Write(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args) ``{``    ``int` `wave_height = 5, wave_length = 10;``    ``printSinWave(wave_height, wave_length);``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by Princi Singh`

## Javascript

 ``

Time complexity: O(h*w) where h and w are wave height and wave width respectively
Auxiliary space: O(1) as it is using constant space for variables

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