# Program to Print Left Half Pyramid Pattern (Star Pattern)

Last Updated : 06 Feb, 2024

Given an integer N, the task is to print N rows of left half pyramid pattern. In left half pattern of N rows, the first row has 1 star, second row has 2 stars and so on till the Nth row which has N stars. All the stars are right aligned.

Examples:

Input: 3
Output:
*
**
***

Input: 5
Output:
*
**
***
****
*****

Approach:

The problem can be solved using two nested loops inside another loop. The outer loop will run for the rows and the first inner loop will print the spaces and second loop will print stars. If we observe carefully, if we have a left half pyramid pattern with N rows, the 1st row will have 4 spaces followed by 1 star, the 2nd row will have 3 spaces followed by 2 stars, the third row will have 2 spaces followed by 3 stars and so on. So, Nth row will have 0 spaces followed by N stars.

Step-by-step approach:

• Run an outer loop from i = 1 to the number of rows.
• Run an inner loop from j = 1 to N – i.
• Print an empty space (‘ ‘) in each iteration of the inner loop.
• Run an inner loop from j = 1 to i.
• Print an asterisk (‘*’) in each iteration of the inner loop.
• Print a newline character (“\n”) to move to the next row.
• After N iterations, we will have the left half pyramid pattern.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std;`   `int` `main()` `{` `    ``// Number of rows` `    ``int` `N = 5;`   `    ``// Outer loop runs N times, once for each row` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= N; i++) {` `          ``// Inner loop prints 'N - i' spaces` `        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= N - i; j++) {` `            ``cout << "  ";` `        ``}` `          `  `        ``// Inner loop prints 'i' stars` `        ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= i; j++) {` `            ``cout << "*";` `        ``}` `        ``// Move to the next line` `        ``cout << "\n";` `    ``}`   `    ``return` `0;` `}`

## Java

 `import` `java.util.Scanner;`   `public` `class` `Main {` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)` `    ``{`   `        ``// Number of rows` `        ``int` `N = ``5``;`   `        ``// Outer loop runs N times, once for each row` `        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``1``; i <= N; i++) {` `            ``// Inner loop prints 'N - i' spaces` `            ``for` `(``int` `j = ``1``; j <= N - i; j++) {` `                ``System.out.print("  ");` `            ``}` `              `  `              ``// Inner loop prints 'i' stars` `            ``for` `(``int` `j = ``1``; j <= i; j++) {` `                ``System.out.print("*");` `            ``}` `            ``// Move to the next line` `            ``System.out.println();` `        ``}` `    ``}` `}`

## Python3

 `# Number of rows` `N ``=` `5`   `# Outer loop runs N times, once for each row` `for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, N ``+` `1``):` `      ``# Inner loop prints 'N - i' spaces` `    ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``1``, N ``-` `i ``+` `1``):` `        ``print``("  ", end``=``"")` `        `  `    ``# Inner loop prints 'i' stars` `    ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``1``, i ``+` `1``):` `        ``print``("``*``", end``=``"")` `    ``# Move to the next line` `    ``print``()`

## C#

 `using` `System;`   `class` `MainClass` `{` `    ``public` `static` `void` `Main(``string``[] args)` `    ``{` `        ``// Number of rows` `        ``int` `N = 5;`   `        ``// Outer loop runs N times, once for each row` `        ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= N; i++)` `        ``{` `            ``// Inner loop prints 'N - i' spaces` `            ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= N - i; j++)` `            ``{` `                ``Console.Write(``"  "``);` `            ``}`   `            ``// Inner loop prints 'i' stars` `            ``for` `(``int` `j = 1; j <= i; j++)` `            ``{` `                ``Console.Write(``"*"``);` `            ``}`   `            ``// Move to the next line` `            ``Console.WriteLine();` `        ``}` `    ``}` `}`

## Javascript

 `// Number of rows` `const N = 5;`   `// Outer loop runs N times, once for each row` `for` `(let i = 1; i <= N; i++) {` `    ``// Inner loop prints 'N - i' spaces` `    ``for` `(let j = 1; j <= N - i; j++) {` `        ``process.stdout.write(``"  "``);` `    ``}`   `    ``// Inner loop prints 'i' stars` `    ``for` `(let j = 1; j <= i; j++) {` `        ``process.stdout.write(``"*"``);` `    ``}`   `    ``// Move to the next line` `    ``console.log();` `}`

Output

```        *
**
***
****
*****

```

Time Complexity: O(N^2), where N is the number of rows in the pattern.
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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