Program to print half Diamond star pattern

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 31 Dec, 2020

Given an integer N, the task is to print half-diamond-star pattern.

*
**
***
****
*****
******
*****
****
***
**
*

Examples:

Input: N = 3
Output:
*
**
***
**
*

Input: N = 6
Output:
*
**
***
****
*****
******
*****
****
***
**
*

Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

Approach: The idea is to break the pattern into two halves that is upper half and lower half. Then print then separately with the help of the loops. The key observation for printing the upper half and lower half is described as below:

• Upper half: The upper half of the pattern contains star ‘*’ in increasing order where ith line contains following number of star:
Number of '*' in ith line = • Lower Half: The lower half of the pattern contains star ‘*’ in decreasing order where ith line contains following number of star:
Number of '*' in ith line = Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++

 // C++ implementation to print the// half diamond star pattern  #include   using namespace std;  // Function to print the// half diamond star patternvoid halfDiamondStar(int N){    int i, j;      // Loop to print the upper half    // diamond pattern    for (i = 0; i < N; i++) {        for (j = 0; j < i + 1; j++)            cout << "*";        cout << "\n";    }      // Loop to print the lower half    // diamond pattern    for (i = 1; i < N; i++) {        for (j = i; j < N; j++)            cout << "*";        cout << "\n";    }}  // Driver Codeint main(){    int N = 5;      // Function Call    halfDiamondStar(N);}

Java

 // Java implementation to print the// half diamond star patternimport java.util.*;  class GFG{  // Function to print the// half diamond star patternstatic void halfDiamondStar(int N){    int i, j;      // Loop to print the upper half    // diamond pattern    for (i = 0; i < N; i++)    {        for (j = 0; j < i + 1; j++)             System.out.print("*");        System.out.print("\n");    }      // Loop to print the lower half    // diamond pattern    for (i = 1; i < N; i++)     {        for (j = i; j < N; j++)             System.out.print("*");        System.out.print("\n");    }}  // Driver Codepublic static void main(String[] args){    int N = 5;      // Function Call    halfDiamondStar(N);}}  // This code is contributed by Rohit_ranjan

Python3

 # Python3 implementation to print the # half diamond star pattern   # Function to print the # half diamond star pattern def halfDiamondStar(N):          # Loop to print the upper half     # diamond pattern     for i in range(N):          for j in range(0, i + 1):            print("*", end = "")        print()      # Loop to print the lower half     # diamond pattern     for i in range(1, N):          for j in range(i, N):            print("*", end = "")        print()  # Driver Code N = 5;   # Function Call halfDiamondStar(N);  # This code is contributed by skylags

C#

 // C# implementation to print the// half diamond star patternusing System;  class GFG{  // Function to print the// half diamond star patternstatic void halfDiamondStar(int N){    int i, j;      // Loop to print the upper half    // diamond pattern    for(i = 0; i < N; i++)    {       for(j = 0; j < i + 1; j++)           Console.Write("*");       Console.Write("\n");    }      // Loop to print the lower half    // diamond pattern    for(i = 1; i < N; i++)     {       for(j = i; j < N; j++)           Console.Write("*");       Console.Write("\n");    }}  // Driver Codepublic static void Main(String[] args){    int N = 5;      // Function Call    halfDiamondStar(N);}}  // This code is contributed by Rohit_ranjan
Output:
*
**
***
****
*****
****
***
**
*

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