# Program to print half Diamond star pattern

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 26 Dec, 2022

Given an integer N, the task is to print half-diamond-star pattern.

*
**
***
****
*****
******
*****
****
***
**
*

Examples:

```Input: N = 3
Output:
*
**
***
**
*

Input: N = 6
Output:
*
**
***
****
*****
******
*****
****
***
**
*```

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

Approach: The idea is to break the pattern into two halves that is upper half and lower half. Then print them separately with the help of the loops. The key observation for printing the upper half and lower half is described as below:

• Upper half: The upper half of the pattern contains star ‘*’ in increasing order where ith line contains following number of star:
`Number of '*' in ith line = `
• Lower Half: The lower half of the pattern contains star ‘*’ in decreasing order where ith line contains following number of star:
`Number of '*' in ith line = `

## C++

 `// C++ implementation to print the``// half diamond star pattern` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to print the``// half diamond star pattern``void` `halfDiamondStar(``int` `N)``{``    ``int` `i, j;` `    ``// Loop to print the upper half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for` `(i = 0; i < N; i++) {``        ``for` `(j = 0; j < i + 1; j++)``            ``cout << ``"*"``;``        ``cout << ``"\n"``;``    ``}` `    ``// Loop to print the lower half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for` `(i = 1; i < N; i++) {``        ``for` `(j = i; j < N; j++)``            ``cout << ``"*"``;``        ``cout << ``"\n"``;``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `N = 5;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``halfDiamondStar(N);``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation to print the``// half diamond star pattern``import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to print the``// half diamond star pattern``static` `void` `halfDiamondStar(``int` `N)``{``    ``int` `i, j;` `    ``// Loop to print the upper half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for` `(i = ``0``; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``for` `(j = ``0``; j < i + ``1``; j++)``            ``System.out.print(``"*"``);``        ``System.out.print(``"\n"``);``    ``}` `    ``// Loop to print the lower half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for` `(i = ``1``; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``for` `(j = i; j < N; j++)``            ``System.out.print(``"*"``);``        ``System.out.print(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `N = ``5``;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``halfDiamondStar(N);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Rohit_ranjan`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation to print the``# half diamond star pattern` `# Function to print the``# half diamond star pattern``def` `halfDiamondStar(N):``    ` `    ``# Loop to print the upper half``    ``# diamond pattern``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(N):` `        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``0``, i ``+` `1``):``            ``print``(``"*"``, end ``=` `"")``        ``print``()` `    ``# Loop to print the lower half``    ``# diamond pattern``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, N):` `        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(i, N):``            ``print``(``"*"``, end ``=` `"")``        ``print``()` `# Driver Code``N ``=` `5``;` `# Function Call``halfDiamondStar(N);` `# This code is contributed by skylags`

## C#

 `// C# implementation to print the``// half diamond star pattern``using` `System;` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to print the``// half diamond star pattern``static` `void` `halfDiamondStar(``int` `N)``{``    ``int` `i, j;` `    ``// Loop to print the upper half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for``(i = 0; i < N; i++)``    ``{``    ``for``(j = 0; j < i + 1; j++)``        ``Console.Write(``"*"``);``    ``Console.Write(``"\n"``);``    ``}` `    ``// Loop to print the lower half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for``(i = 1; i < N; i++)``    ``{``    ``for``(j = i; j < N; j++)``        ``Console.Write(``"*"``);``    ``Console.Write(``"\n"``);``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `N = 5;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``halfDiamondStar(N);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Rohit_ranjan`

## Javascript

 `// JavaScript implementation to print the``// half diamond star pattern` `// Function to print the``// half diamond star pattern``function` `halfDiamondStar(N)``{``    ``let i, j;` `    ``// Loop to print the upper half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for` `(i = 0; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``for` `(j = 0; j < i + 1; j++)``            ``console.log(``"*"``);``            ``console.log(``"
"``);``             ``console.log(``"\n"``);``    ``}` `    ``// Loop to print the lower half``    ``// diamond pattern``    ``for` `(i = 1; i < N; i++)``    ``{``        ``for` `(j = i; j < N; j++)``            ``console.log(``"*"``);``            ``console.log(``"
"``);``        ``console.log(``"\n"``);``        ` `    ``}``    ` `}` `// Driver Code``    ``let N = 5;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``halfDiamondStar(N);`

Output

```*
**
***
****
*****
****
***
**
*```

Time complexity: O(N2) where N is given integer
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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