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Program to find the Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
  • Last Updated : 01 Apr, 2021
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Given the radius of the semicircle as r, the task is to find out the Area and Perimeter of that semicircle.
Examples: 
 

Input: r = 10
Output: Area = 157.00, Perimeter = 31.4

Input: r = 25
Output: Area =981.250000, Perimeter = 78.500000

 

Approach: 
In mathematics, a semicircle is a one-dimensional locus of points that forms half of a circle. The area of a semicircle is half the area of the circle from which it is made. Any diameter of a circle cuts it into two equal semicircles.
 

 



Area of Semi-Circle = 12 * π *r2 
Perimeter of Semi-Circle = π *r 
where “r” is the radius of the semicircle. 
 

Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 

C++




// C++ program to find the
// Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
 
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
// Function for calculating the area
float area(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the area
    return (0.5)*(3.14)*(r * r);
}
 
// Function for calculating the perimeter
float perimeter(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the perimeter
    return (3.14)*(r);
}
 
// driver code
int main()
{
 
    // Get the radius
    int r = 10;
 
    // Find the area
    cout << "The Area of Semicircle: "
         << area(r) << endl;
 
    // Find the perimeter
    cout << "The Perimeter of Semicircle: "
         << perimeter(r) << endl;
 
    return 0;
}

C




// C program to find the
// Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
 
#include <stdio.h>
 
// Function for calculating the area
float area(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the area
    return (0.5)*(3.14)*(r * r);
}
 
// Function for calculating the perimeter
float perimeter(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the perimeter
    return (3.14)*(r);
}
 
// driver code
int main()
{
 
    // Get the radius
    float r = 10;
 
    // Find the area
    printf("The Area of Semicircle: %f\n",
        area(r));
 
    // Find the perimeter
    printf("The Perimeter of Semicircle: %f\n",
        perimeter(r));
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to find the
// Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
 
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
 
// Function for calculating the area
static float area(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the area
    return (float)((0.5)*(3.14)*(r * r));
}
 
// Function for calculating the perimeter
static float perimeter(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the perimeter
    return (float)((3.14)*(r));
}
 
// driver code
 
    public static void main (String[] args) {
    // Get the radius
    float r = 10;
 
    // Find the area
    System.out.println("The Area of Semicircle: "+
        area(r));
 
    // Find the perimeter
    System.out.println("The Perimeter of Semicircle:"+
        +perimeter(r));
    }
}
 // This code is contributed
// by anuj_67..

Python3




# Python3 program to find the
# Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
 
# Function for calculating the area
def area(r):
     
    # Formula for finding the area
    return (0.5)*(3.14)*(r * r)
 
#Function for calculating the perimeter
def perimeter(r):
     
    #Formula for finding the perimeter
    return (3.14)*(r)
 
# driver code
if __name__=='__main__':
    # Get the radius
    r = 10
 
    # Find the area
    print ("The Area of Semicircle: "
           ,area(r))
 
    # Find the perimeter
    print ("The Perimeter of Semicircle: "
           ,perimeter(r))
            
# This code is contributed by
# SURENDRA_GANGWAR

C#




// C# program to find the
// Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
using System;
 
class GFG {
 
// Function for calculating the area
static float area(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the area
    return (float)((0.5)*(3.14)*(r * r));
}
 
// Function for calculating the perimeter
static float perimeter(float r)
{
    // Formula for finding the perimeter
    return (float)((3.14)*(r));
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main()
{
    // Get the radius
    float r = 10;
     
    // Find the area
    Console.WriteLine("The Area of Semicircle: " +
                                         area(r));
     
    // Find the perimeter
    Console.WriteLine("The Perimeter of Semicircle:" +
                                        perimeter(r));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed
// by Akanksha Rai(Abby_akku)

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to find the
// Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
 
// Function for calculating the area
function area($r)
{
    // Formula for finding the area
    return (0.5) * (3.14) * ($r * $r);
}
 
// Function for calculating
// the perimeter
function perimeter($r)
{
    // Formula for finding
    // the perimeter
    return (3.14) * ($r);
}
 
// Driver code
 
// Get the radius
$r = 10;
 
// Find the area
echo "The Area of Semicircle: ",
    area($r),"\n" ;
 
// Find the perimeter
echo "The Perimeter of Semicircle: ",
    perimeter($r),"\n" ;
 
// This code is contributed
// by ANKITRAI1
?>

Javascript




<script>
// javascript program to find the
// Area and Perimeter of a Semicircle
 
// Function for calculating the area
    function area(r) {
        // Formula for finding the area
        return  ((0.5) * (3.14) * (r * r));
    }
 
    // Function for calculating the perimeter
    function perimeter(r) {
        // Formula for finding the perimeter
        return  ((3.14) * (r));
    }
 
    // driver code
 
     
        // Get the radius
        var r = 10;
 
        // Find the area
        document.write("The Area of Semicircle: " + area(r).toFixed(6)+"<br/>");
 
        // Find the perimeter
        document.write("The Perimeter of Semicircle: " +
        perimeter(r).toFixed(6)+"<br/>");
 
// This code contributed by gauravrajput1
 
</script>
Output: 
The Area of Semicircle: 157.000000
The Perimeter of Semicircle: 31.400000

 

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