Program to calculate distance between two points in 3 D

Given two coordinates (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2) in 3 dimension. The task is to find the distance between them.

Examples :

Input: x1, y1, z1 = (2, -5, 7)
       x2, y2, z1 = (3, 4, 5)
Output: 9.2736184955

Input: x1, y1, z1 = (0, 0, 0)
       x2, y2, z1 = (1, 1, 1)
Output: 1.73205080757


Approach: The formula for distance between two points in 3 dimension i.e (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2) has been derived from Pythagorean theorem which is:

Distance = $\sqrt{(x2-x1)^{2} + (y2-y1)^{2} + (z2-z1)^{2}}$

Below is the implementation of above formulae:

C++

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// C++ program to find 
// distance between
// two points in 3 D.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>
using namespace std;
  
// function to print distance
void distance(float x1, float y1, 
            float z1, float x2, 
            float y2, float z2)
{
    float d = sqrt(pow(x2 - x1, 2) + 
                pow(y2 - y1, 2) + 
                pow(z2 - z1, 2) * 1.0);
    std::cout << std::fixed;
    std::cout << std::setprecision(2);
    cout << " Distance is " << d;
    return;
}
  
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    float x1 = 2;
    float y1 = -5;
    float z1 = 7;
    float x2 = 3;
    float y2 = 4;
    float z2 = 5;
      
    // function call for distance
    distance(x1, y1, z1, 
            x2, y2, z2);
    return 0;
}
  
// This code is contributed 
// by Amber_Saxena.

chevron_right


C

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// C program to find 
// distance between
// two points in 3 D.
#include <stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
  
// function to print distance
void distance(float x1, float y1, 
              float z1, float x2, 
              float y2, float z2)
{
    float d = sqrt(pow(x2 - x1, 2) + 
                   pow(y2 - y1, 2) + 
                   pow(z2 - z1, 2) * 1.0);
    printf("Distance is %f", d);
    return;
}
  
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    float x1 = 2;
    float y1 = -5;
    float z1 = 7;
    float x2 = 3;
    float y2 = 4;
    float z2 = 5;
      
    // function call for distance
    distance(x1, y1, z1,    
             x2, y2, z2);
    return 0;
}
  
// This code is contributed 
// by Amber_Saxena.

chevron_right


Java

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// Java program to find 
// distance between
// two points in 3 D.
import java .io.*;
import java.lang.Math;
  
class GFG
{
      
// Function for
// distance 
static void distance(float x1, float y1, 
                     float z1, float x2, 
                     float y2, float z2)
{
      
    double d = Math.pow((Math.pow(x2 - x1, 2) + 
                         Math.pow(y2 - y1, 2) + 
                         Math.pow(z2 - z1, 2) * 
                                    1.0), 0.5);
    System.out.println("Distance is "+ d);
    return;
}
  
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    float x1 = 2;
    float y1 = -5;
    float z1 = 7;
    float x2 = 3;
    float y2 = 4;
    float z2 = 5;
      
    // function call 
    // for distance
    distance(x1, y1, z1, 
             x2, y2, z2);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed 
// by Amber_Saxena.

chevron_right


Python

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

# Python program to find distance between
# two points in 3 D.
  
import math
  
# Function to find distance
def distance(x1, y1, z1, x2, y2, z2): 
       
    d = math.sqrt(math.pow(x2 - x1, 2) +
                math.pow(y2 - y1, 2) +
                math.pow(z2 - z1, 2)* 1.0)
    print("Distance is ")
    print(d)
  
# Driver Code 
x1 = 2 
y1 = -5
z1 = 7
x2 = 3
y2 = 4
z2 = 5
  
# function call for distance
distance(x1, y1, z1, x2, y2, z2)    

chevron_right


C#

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

// C# program to find 
// distance between
// two points in 3 D.
using System;
  
class GFG
{
      
// Function for
// distance 
static void distance(float x1, float y1, 
                     float z1, float x2, 
                     float y2, float z2)
{
    double d = Math.Pow((Math.Pow(x2 - x1, 2) + 
                         Math.Pow(y2 - y1, 2) + 
                         Math.Pow(z2 - z1, 2) * 
                                   1.0), 0.5);
    Console.WriteLine("Distance is \n" + d);
    return;
}
  
// Driver code
public static void Main()
{
    float x1 = 2;
    float y1 = -5;
    float z1 = 7;
    float x2 = 3;
    float y2 = 4;
    float z2 = 5;
      
    // function call 
    // for distance
    distance(x1, y1, z1, 
             x2, y2, z2);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed 
// by chandan_jnu.

chevron_right


PHP

filter_none

edit
close

play_arrow

link
brightness_4
code

<?php
// PHP program to find 
// distance between
// two points in 3 D.
  
// function to print distance
function distance($x1, $y1, $z1,
                  $x2, $y2, $z2)
{
    $d = sqrt(pow($x2 - $x1, 2) + 
              pow($y2 - $y1, 2) + 
              pow($z2 - $z1, 2) * 1.0);
    echo "Distance is ". $d;
}
  
// Driver Code
$x1 = 2;
$y1 = -5;
$z1 = 7;
$x2 = 3;
$y2 = 4;
$z2 = 5;
      
// function call for distance
distance($x1, $y1, $z1
         $x2, $y2, $z2);
  
// This code is contributed
// by Mahadev.
?>

chevron_right


Output:

Distance is 
9.2736184955


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up

Check out this Author's contributed articles.

If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.