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Program to calculate area of an Circle inscribed in a Square

  • Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2021

Given the side of a square. The task is to find the area of an inscribed circle in a square.
Examples: 
 

Input : a = 8
Output : Area of an inscribed circle: 50.24

Input : a = 12.04
Output : Area of an inscribed circle: 113.795

 

Given a square i.e. all sides of a square are of equal length and all four angles are 90 degrees. Below diagram depicts an inscribed circle in a square. 
 

Inscribed circle

Properties of an inscribed circle in a square: 
 



  • The diameter of an inscribed circle in a square is equal to the length of the side of a square.
  • With at least one measure of the circle or the square, the area and the perimeter of the square can be calculated in which the circle is inscribed.
  • The center of the square and the center of the circle lie at a same point.
  • when at least one measure of the circle or the square is given, the circumference and area of the circle can be calculated.

Formula to find the area of an inscribed circle:∏ /{4} a2

where a is the side of a square in which a circle is inscribed.

How does the formula works?

Assume a is the side of a square and we know that a square has 4 sides.

Area of a circle = ∏ r2

where r is the radius of a circle and area of a square = a2

Therefore, the area of an inscribed circle in a square =  ∏ r2

Now, put r = a / 2

So, the area of an inscribed circle in a square ∏ /{4} a2

C++




// C++ Program to find the area of
// an inscribed circle in a square.
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
#define PI 3.14
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find area of an
// inscribed circle in a square.
float areaOfInscribedCircle(float a)
{
    return ( PI / 4 ) * a * a;
}
 
// Driver's code
int main()
{
    float a = 8;
     
    cout << "Area of an inscribed circle: "
        << areaOfInscribedCircle(a);
         
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java Program to find the area of
// an inscribed circle in a square.
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG {
     
    static double PI = 3.14;
     
    // Function to find area of an
    // inscribed circle in a square.
    static double areaOfInscribedCircle(float a)
    {
        return ( PI / 4 ) * a * a;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        float a = 8;
     
        System.out.println("Area of an inscribed"
        + " circle: " + areaOfInscribedCircle(a));
    }
}

Python3




# Python Program to find the area of
# an inscribed circle in a square.
     
PI = 3.14
     
# Function to find area of an
# inscribed circle in a square.
def areaOfInscribedCircle(a):
    return ( PI / 4 ) * a * a
 
# Driver code
a = 8
print("Area of an inscribed circle:",
round(areaOfInscribedCircle(a), 2))

C#




// C# Program to find the
// area of an inscribed
// circle in a square.
using System;
 
class GFG
{
    static double PI = 3.14;
     
    // Function to find area
    // of an inscribed circle
    // in a square.
    static double areaOfInscribedCircle(float a)
    {
        return (PI / 4 ) * a * a;
    }
 
    // Driver code
    public static void Main ()
    {
        float a = 8;
     
        Console.WriteLine("Area of an inscribed" +
                                    " circle: " +
                        areaOfInscribedCircle(a));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed
// by anuj_6

PHP




<?php
// PHP Program to find
// the area of an
// inscribed circle in
// a square.
$PI = 3.14;
 
// Function to find area
// of an inscribed circle
// in a square.
function areaOfInscribedCircle( $a)
{
    global $PI;
    return ($PI / 4 ) *
            $a * $a;
}
 
// Driver Code
$a = 8;
 
echo "Area of an inscribed circle: ",
        areaOfInscribedCircle($a);
         
// This code is contributed
// by anuj_6
?>

Javascript




<script>
// JavaScript Program to find the area of
// an inscribed circle in a square.
var PI =3.14;
function areaOfInscribedCircle(a)
{
    return ( PI / 4 ) * a * a;
}
 
var a = 8;
     
    document.write( "Area of an inscribed circle: "
        + areaOfInscribedCircle(a));
         
 
 
</script>
Output
Area of an inscribed circle: 50.24

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