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Program to print triangular number series till n
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 19 Mar, 2021

A triangular number or triangle number counts objects arranged in an equilateral triangle, as in the diagram on the right. The n-th triangular number is the number of dots composing a triangle with n dots on a side, and is equal to the sum of the n natural numbers from 1 to n.
 

Examples : 
 

Input : 5
Output : 1 3 6 10 15

Input : 10 
Output : 1 3 6 10 15 21 28 36 45 55

Explanation :
For k = 1 and j = 1 -> print k ( i.e. 1);
increase j by 1 and add into k then print k ( i.e  3 ) update k
increase j by 1 and add into k then print k ( i.e  6 ) update k
increase j by 1 and add into k then print k ( i.e 10 ) update k 
increase j by 1 and add into k then print k ( i.e 15 ) update k
increase j by 1 and add into k then print k ( i.e 21 ) update k
.
.
and so on.

 

Approach used is very simple. Iterate for loop till the value given n and for each iteration increase j by 1 and add it into k, which will simply print the triangular number series till n. 
Below is the program implementing above approach: 
 



C




// C Program to find Triangular Number Series
#include <stdio.h>
 
// Function to find triangular number
void triangular_series(int n)
{
    int i, j = 1, k = 1;
 
    // For each iteration increase j by 1
    // and add it into k
    for (i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
        printf(" %d ", k);
        j = j + 1; // Increasing j by 1
        k = k + j; // Add value of j into k and update k
    }
}
// Driven Function
int main()
{
    int n = 5;
    triangular_series(n);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java Program to print triangular number series till n
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Function to find triangular number
    static void triangular_series(int n)
    {
        int i, j = 1, k = 1;
      
        // For each iteration increase j by 1
        // and add it into k
        for (i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
 
            System.out.printf("%d ", k);
            j = j + 1; // Increasing j by 1
            k = k + j; // Add value of j into k and update k
        }
    }
     
    // Driver function
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
            int n = 5;
            triangular_series(n);
    }
}
         
// This code is contributed by Arnav Kr. Mandal.

Python3




# Python3 code to find Triangular
# Number Series
 
# Function to find triangular number
def triangular_series( n ):
    j = 1
    k = 1
     
    # For each iteration increase j
    # by 1 and add it into k
    for i in range(1, n + 1):
        print(k, end = ' ')
        j = j + 1 # Increasing j by 1
         
        # Add value of j into k and update k
        k = k + j
         
# Driven Code
n = 5
triangular_series(n)
 
# This code is contributed by "Sharad_Bhardwaj"

C#




// C# Program to print triangular
// number series till n
using System;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Function to find triangular number
    static void triangular_series(int n)
    {
        int i, j = 1, k = 1;
     
        // For each iteration increase j by 1
        // and add it into k
        for (i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
 
            Console.Write(k +" ");
            j += 1; // Increasing j by 1
            k += j; // Add value of j into k and update k
        }
    }
     
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
            int n = 5;
            triangular_series(n);
    }
}
         
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

PHP




<?php
// PHP Program to find
// Triangular Number Series
 
// Function to find
// triangular number
function triangular_series($n)
{
    $i; $j = 1; $k = 1;
 
    // For each iteration increase j
    // by 1 and add it into k
    for ($i = 1; $i <= $n; $i++)
    {
        echo(" " . $k . " ");
         
        // Increasing j by 1
        $j = $j + 1;
         
        // Add value of j into k and update k
        $k = $k + $j;
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
$n = 5;
triangular_series($n);
 
// This code is contributed by Ajit.
?>

Javascript




<script>
// javascript Program to find Triangular Number Series
 
// Function to find triangular number
function triangular_series( n)
{
    let i, j = 1, k = 1;
 
    // For each iteration increase j by 1
    // and add it into k
    for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
    {
        document.write(k+" ");
        j = j + 1; // Increasing j by 1
        k = k + j; // Add value of j into k and update k
    }
}
 
// Driven Function
    let n = 5;
    triangular_series(n);
        
// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji
 
</script>

Output : 
 

1 3 6 10 15

Alternate Solution : 
The solution is based on the fact that i-th Triangular number is sum of first i natural numbers, i.e., i * (i + 1)/2
 

C




// C Program to find Triangular Number Series
#include <stdio.h>
 
// Function to find triangular number
void triangular_series(int n)
{
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
        printf(" %d ", i*(i+1)/2);
}
 
// Driven Function
int main()
{
    int n = 5;
    triangular_series(n);
    return 0;
}

Java




//Java program to print triangular number series till n
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Function to find triangular number
    static void triangular_series(int n)
    {
        for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
            System.out.printf("%d ";, i*(i+1)/2);
    }
     
    // Driver function
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
            int n = 5;
            triangular_series(n);
    }
}
         
//This code is contributed by Arnav Kr. Mandal.

Python3




# Python3 code to find Triangular
# Number Series
  
def triangular_series(n):
  
     for i in range(1, n + 1):
         print( i*(i+1)//2,end=' ')
  
# Driver code
n = 5
triangular_series(n)
# This code is contributed by ihritik

C#




// C# program to print triangular
// number series till n
using System;
 
class GFG {
     
    // Function to find triangular number
    static void triangular_series(int n)
    {
        for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
            Console.Write(i * (i + 1) / 2 + " ");
    }
     
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
            int n = 5;
            triangular_series(n);
    }
}
         
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

PHP




<?php
// PHP Program to find
// Triangular Number Series
 
// Function to find
// triangular number
function triangular_series($n)
{
    for ($i = 1; $i <= $n; $i++)
        echo(" " . $i * ($i + 1) /
                         2 . " ");
}
 
// Driver Code
$n = 5;
triangular_series($n);
 
// This code is contributed by Ajit.
?>

Javascript




<script>
// javascript Program to find Triangular Number Series
 
// Function to find triangular number
function triangular_series( n)
{
    for (let i = 1; i <= n; i++)
       document.write(" "+ i * (i + 1)/2);
}
 
// Driven Function
    let n = 5;
    triangular_series(n);
     
    // This code is contributed by gauravrajput1
</script>

Output : 
 

1 3 6 10 15

 

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