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# Program to find simple moving average

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 27 May, 2019

Simple Moving Average is the average obtained from the data for some t period of time . In normal mean, it’s value get changed with the changing data but in this type of mean it also changes with the time interval . We get the mean for some period t and then we remove some previous data . Again we get new mean and this process continues . This is why it is moving average . This have a great application in financial market .

Examples:

```Input : { 1, 3, 5, 6, 8 }
Period = 3
Output :New number added is 1.0, SMA = 0.3333333333333333
New number added is 3.0, SMA = 1.3333333333333333
New number added is 5.0, SMA = 3.0
New number added is 6.0, SMA = 4.666666666666667
New number added is 8.0, SMA = 6.333333333333333
```

Approach
Given a series of numbers and a fixed subset size, the first element of the moving average is obtained by taking the average of the initial fixed subset of the number series. Then the subset is modified by “shifting forward”, i.e excluding the first number of the series and including the next value in the subset.

## Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution.

Here is a java program to calculate the Simple Moving Average.

## Java

 `// Java program to calculate``// Simple Moving Average``import` `java.util.*;`` ` `public` `class` `SimpleMovingAverage {``     ` `    ``// queue used to store list so that we get the average``    ``private` `final` `Queue Dataset = ``new` `LinkedList();``    ``private` `final` `int` `period;``    ``private` `double` `sum;`` ` `    ``// constructor to initialize period``    ``public` `SimpleMovingAverage(``int` `period)``    ``{``        ``this``.period = period;``    ``}`` ` `    ``// function to add new data in the``    ``// list and update the sum so that``    ``// we get the new mean``    ``public` `void` `addData(``double` `num)``    ``{``        ``sum += num;``        ``Dataset.add(num);`` ` `        ``// Updating size so that length``        ``// of data set should be equal``        ``// to period as a normal mean has``        ``if` `(Dataset.size() > period)``        ``{``            ``sum -= Dataset.remove();``        ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``// function to calculate mean``    ``public` `double` `getMean()``    ``{``        ``return` `sum / period;``    ``}`` ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``double``[] input_data = { ``1``, ``3``, ``5``, ``6``, ``8``,``                                ``12``, ``18``, ``21``, ``22``, ``25` `};``        ``int` `per = ``3``;``        ``SimpleMovingAverage obj = ``new` `SimpleMovingAverage(per);``        ``for` `(``double` `x : input_data) {``            ``obj.addData(x);``            ``System.out.println(``"New number added is "` `+``                                ``x + ``", SMA = "` `+ obj.getMean());``        ``}``    ``}``}`

## C#

 `// C# program to calculate``// Simple Moving Average``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic; `` ` `public` `class` `SimpleMovingAverage ``{``     ` `    ``// queue used to store list so that we get the average``    ``private` `Queue Dataset = ``new` `Queue();``    ``private` `int` `period;``    ``private` `double` `sum;`` ` `    ``// constructor to initialize period``    ``public` `SimpleMovingAverage(``int` `period)``    ``{``        ``this``.period = period;``    ``}`` ` `    ``// function to add new data in the``    ``// list and update the sum so that``    ``// we get the new mean``    ``public` `void` `addData(``double` `num)``    ``{``        ``sum += num;``        ``Dataset.Enqueue(num);`` ` `        ``// Updating size so that length``        ``// of data set should be equal``        ``// to period as a normal mean has``        ``if` `(Dataset.Count > period)``        ``{``            ``sum -= Dataset.Dequeue();``        ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``// function to calculate mean``    ``public` `double` `getMean()``    ``{``        ``return` `sum / period;``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Driver code``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``double``[] input_data = { 1, 3, 5, 6, 8,``                                ``12, 18, 21, 22, 25 };``        ``int` `per = 3;``        ``SimpleMovingAverage obj = ``new` `SimpleMovingAverage(per);``        ``foreach` `(``double` `x ``in` `input_data) {``            ``obj.addData(x);``            ``Console.WriteLine(``"New number added is "` `+``                                ``x + ``", SMA = "` `+ obj.getMean());``        ``}``    ``}``}`` ` `// This code contributed by Rajput-Ji`

Output:

```New number added is 1.0, SMA = 0.3333333333333333
New number added is 3.0, SMA = 1.3333333333333333
New number added is 5.0, SMA = 3.0
New number added is 6.0, SMA = 4.666666666666667
New number added is 8.0, SMA = 6.333333333333333
New number added is 12.0, SMA = 8.666666666666666
New number added is 18.0, SMA = 12.666666666666666
New number added is 21.0, SMA = 17.0
New number added is 22.0, SMA = 20.333333333333332
New number added is 25.0, SMA = 22.666666666666668
```

References :
Wiki

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