A Cullen Number is a number of the form is 2n * n + 1 where n is an integer. The first few Cullen numbers are 1, 3, 9, 25, 65, 161, 385, 897, 2049, 4609 . . . . . .
Input : n = 4 Output :65 Input : n = 0 Output : 1 Input : n = 6 Output : 161
Below is implementation of formula. We use bitwise left-shift operator to find 2n, then multiply the result with n and finally returns (1 << n)*n + 1.
Properties of Cullen Numbers:
- Most of the Cullen Numbers are composite numbers.
- n’th Cullen number is divisible by p = 2n – 1 if p is a prime number of the form 8k – 3.
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