Prerequisite : Permutation and Combination
Given a polygon of m sides, count number of triangles that can be formed using vertices of polygon.
Answer : [m (m – 1)(m – 2) / 6]
Explanation : There are m vertices in a polygon with m sides. We need to count different combinations of three points chosen from m. So answer is mC3 = m * (m – 1) * (m – 2) / 6
Input: m = 3
We put value of m = 3, we get required no. of triangles = 3 * 2 * 1 / 6 = 1
Input : m = 6
output : 20
Given a polygon of m sides, count number of diagonals that can be formed using vertices of polygon.
Answer : [m (m – 3)] / 2.
Explanation : We need to choose two vertices from polygon. We can choose first vertex m ways. We can choose second vertex in m-3 ways (Note that we can not choose adjacent two vertices to form a diagonal). So total number is m * (m – 3). This is twice the total number of combinations as we consider an diagonal edge u-v twice (u-v and v-u)
Input m = 4
We put the value of m = 4, we get the number of required diagonals = 4 * (4 – 3) / 2 = 2
Input: m = 5
Count the total number rectangles that can be formed using m vertical lines and n horizontal lines
Answer : (mC2*nC2).
We need to choose two vertical lines and two horizontal lines. Since the vertical and horizontal lines are chosen independently, we multiply the result.
Input: m = 2, n = 2
We have the total no of rectangles
= 1 * 1 = 1
Input: m = 4, n = 4
There are ‘n’ points in a plane, out of which ‘m’ points are co-linear. Find the number of triangles formed by the points as vertices ?
Number of triangles = nC3 – mC3
Explanation : Consider the example n = 10, m = 4. There are 10 points, out of which 4 collinear. A triangle will be formed by any three of these ten points. Thus forming a triangle amounts to selecting any three of the 10 points. Three points can be selected out of the 10 points in nC3 ways.
Number of triangles formed by 10 points when no 3 of them are co-linear = 10C3……(i)
Similarly, the number of triangles formed by 4 points when no 3 of them are co-linear = 4C3……..(ii)
Since triangle formed by these 4 points are not valid, required number of triangles formed = 10C3 – 4C3 = 120 – 4 = 116
There are ‘n’ points in a plane out of which ‘m’ points are collinear, count the number of distinct straight lines formed by joining two points.
Answer : nC2 – mC2 + 1
Explanation : Number of straight lines formed by n points when none of them are col-linear = nC2
Similarly, the number of straight lines formed by m points when none of them collinear = mC2
m points are collinear and reduce in one line. Therefore we subtract mC2 and add 1.
Hence answer = nC2 – mC2 +1
Input : n = 4, m = 3
output : 1
We apply this formula
Answer = 4C2 – 3C2 +1
= 3 – 3 + 1
If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to firstname.lastname@example.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
- Program to calculate value of nCr
- Ways to multiply n elements with an associative operation
- Number of loops of size k starting from a specific node
- Inclusion Exclusion principle and programming applications
- Number of palindromic permutations | Set 1
- Probability for three randomly chosen numbers to be in AP
- Rencontres Number (Counting partial derangements)
- Number of strings of length N with no palindromic sub string
- Next greater number on the basis of precedence of digits
- Sum of products of all combination taken (1 to n) at a time