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Print the number of set bits in each node of a Binary Tree
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 16 Dec, 2019
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Given a Binary Tree. The task is to print the number of set bits in each of the nodes in the Binary Tree.

The idea is to traverse the given binary tree using any tree traversal method, and for each node calculate the number of set bits and print it.

Note: One can also use the __builtin_popcount() function available in C++ to directly count the number of set bits in an integer.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// CPP program to print the number of set bits
// in each node of the binary tree
  
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
  
using namespace std;
  
// Binary Tree node
struct Node {
    int data;
    struct Node *left, *right;
};
  
// Utility function that allocates a new Node
Node* newNode(int data)
{
    Node* node = new Node;
    node->data = data;
    node->left = node->right = NULL;
    return (node);
}
  
// Function to print the number of set bits
// in each node of the binary tree
void printSetBit(Node* root)
{
    if (root == NULL)
        return;
  
    // Print the number of set bits of
    // current node using __builtin_popcount()
    cout << "Set bits in Node " << root->data << " = " <<
                  __builtin_popcount(root->data) << "\n";
  
    // Traverse Left Subtree
    printSetBit(root->left);
  
    // Traverse Right Subtree
    printSetBit(root->right);
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    Node* root = newNode(16);
    root->left = newNode(13);
    root->left->left = newNode(14);
    root->left->right = newNode(12);
    root->right = newNode(11);
    root->right->left = newNode(10);
    root->right->right = newNode(16);
  
    printSetBit(root);
  
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to print the number of set bits
// in each node of the binary tree
import java.util.*;
  
class GFG 
{
  
// Binary Tree node
static class Node 
{
    int data;
    Node left, right;
};
  
// Utility function that allocates a new Node
static Node newNode(int data)
{
    Node node = new Node();
    node.data = data;
    node.left = node.right = null;
    return (node);
}
  
// Function to print the number of set bits
// in each node of the binary tree
static void printSetBit(Node root)
{
    if (root == null)
        return;
  
    // Print the number of set bits of
    // current node using __builtin_popcount()
    System.out.print("Set bits in Node " + root.data + " = " +
                      Integer.bitCount(root.data) + "\n");
  
    // Traverse Left Subtree
    printSetBit(root.left);
  
    // Traverse Right Subtree
    printSetBit(root.right);
}
  
// Driver code
public static void main(String[] args) 
{
    Node root = newNode(16);
    root.left = newNode(13);
    root.left.left = newNode(14);
    root.left.right = newNode(12);
    root.right = newNode(11);
    root.right.left = newNode(10);
    root.right.right = newNode(16);
  
    printSetBit(root);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992 

Python3




# Python3 program to print the number of set bits
# in each node of the binary tree
  
# Binary Tree node
class Node:
    def __init__(self):
        self.data = None
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
  
# Utility function that allocates a new Node
def newNode(data):
    node = Node()
    node.data = data
    node.left = None
    node.right = None
    return node
  
# Function to print the number of set bits
# in each node of the binary tree
def printSetBit(root: Node):
    if root is None:
        return
  
    # Print the number of set bits of
    # current node using count()
    print("Set bits in Node %d = %d" % 
         (root.data, bin(root.data).count('1')))
  
    # Traverse Left Subtree
    printSetBit(root.left)
  
    # Traverse Right Subtree
    printSetBit(root.right)
  
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    root = newNode(16)
    root.left = newNode(13)
    root.left.left = newNode(14)
    root.left.right = newNode(12)
    root.right = newNode(11)
    root.right.left = newNode(10)
    root.right.right = newNode(16)
  
    printSetBit(root)
  
# This code is contributed by
# sanjeev2552

C#




// C# program to print the number of set bits
// in each node of the binary tree
using System;
      
class GFG 
{
  
// Binary Tree node
public class Node 
{
    public int data;
    public Node left, right;
};
  
// Utility function that allocates a new Node
static Node newNode(int data)
{
    Node node = new Node();
    node.data = data;
    node.left = node.right = null;
    return (node);
}
  
// Function to print the number of set bits
// in each node of the binary tree
static void printSetBit(Node root)
{
    if (root == null)
        return;
  
    // Print the number of set bits of
    // current node using __builtin_popcount()
    Console.Write("Set bits in Node " + root.data + 
                  " = " + bitCount(root.data) + "\n");
  
    // Traverse Left Subtree
    printSetBit(root.left);
  
    // Traverse Right Subtree
    printSetBit(root.right);
}
  
static int bitCount(int x)
{
    int setBits = 0;
    while (x != 0)
    {
        x = x & (x - 1);
        setBits++;
    }
    return setBits;
  
// Driver code
public static void Main(String[] args) 
{
    Node root = newNode(16);
    root.left = newNode(13);
    root.left.left = newNode(14);
    root.left.right = newNode(12);
    root.right = newNode(11);
    root.right.left = newNode(10);
    root.right.right = newNode(16);
  
    printSetBit(root);
}
}
  
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar
Output:
Set bits in Node 16 = 1
Set bits in Node 13 = 3
Set bits in Node 14 = 3
Set bits in Node 12 = 2
Set bits in Node 11 = 3
Set bits in Node 10 = 2
Set bits in Node 16 = 1

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