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Print number of words, vowels and frequency of each character
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 07 Jan, 2020

Given a string str with uppercase, lowercase and special characters. The input string is to end with either a space or a dot. The problem is to calculate the number of words, vowels and frequency of each character of the string in a separate line.

Example :

Input : How Good GOD Is.

Output : 
Number of words = 4
Number of vowels = 5
Number of upper case characters = 6
Character =   Frequency = 3
Character = . Frequency = 1
Character = D Frequency = 1
Character = G Frequency = 2
Character = H Frequency = 1
Character = I Frequency = 1
Character = O Frequency = 1
Character = d Frequency = 1
Character = o Frequency = 3
Character = s Frequency = 1
Character = w Frequency = 1

Approach : We use a TreeMap to store characters and their frequencies. TreeMap is used to get the output in sorted order.

Below is Java implementation of above approach :

C++

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// C++ program to print Number of Words,
// Vowels and Frequency of Each Character
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
void words(string str)
{
    int wcount = 0, ucount = 0, vcount = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) 
    {
        char c = str[i];
        switch (c) 
        {
            case ' ':
            case '.':
            wcount++; // more delimiters can be given
        }
  
        switch (c) 
        {
            case 'A':
            case 'E':
            case 'I':
            case 'O':
            case 'U':
            case 'a':
            case 'e':
            case 'i':
            case 'o':
            case 'u':
                vcount++;
        }
  
        if (c >= 65 and c <= 90) ucount++;
    }
  
    cout << "Number of words = " 
         << wcount << endl;
    cout << "Number of vowels = " 
         << vcount << endl;
    cout << "Number of upper case characters = " 
         << ucount << endl;
}
  
// Function to calculate the frequency
// of each character in the string
void frequency(string str) 
{
    // Creates an empty TreeMap
    map<char, int> hmap;
  
    // Traverse through the given array
    for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) 
        hmap[str[i]]++;
  
    // Print result
    for (auto i : hmap)
    {
        cout << "Character = " << i.first;
        cout << " Frequency = " 
             << i.second << endl;
    }
}
  
// Driver Code
int main(int argc, char const *argv[])
{
    string str = "Geeks for Geeks.";
    words(str);
    frequency(str);
    return 0;
}
  
// This code is contributed by
// sanjeev2552

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Java

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// Java program to print Number of Words,
// Vowels and Frequency of Each Character
import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;
import java.io.*;
  
public class Stringfun 
{
    String str = "Geeks for Geeks.";
  
    void words()
    {
        int wCount = 0, uCount = 0, vCount = 0;
  
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) 
        {
            char c = str.charAt(i);
  
            switch (c) 
            {
            case ' ':
            case '.':
                wCount++; // more delimiters can be given
            }
  
            switch (c) 
            {
            // program for calculating number of vowels
            case 'A':
            case 'E':
            case 'I':
            case 'O':
            case 'U':
            case 'a':
            case 'e':
            case 'i':
            case 'o':
            case 'u':
                vCount++;
            }
  
            if (c >= 65 && c <= 90
            {
                uCount++;
            }
        }
  
        System.out.println("Number of words = " + wCount);
        System.out.println("Number of vowels = " + vCount);
        System.out.println("Number of upper case characters = "
                                                        + uCount);
    }
  
    // Function to calculate the frequency
    // of each character in the string
    void frequency()
    {
        // Creates an empty TreeMap
        TreeMap<Character, Integer> hmap = 
                     new TreeMap<Character, Integer>();
   
        // Traverse through the given array
        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++)
        {
            Integer c = hmap.get(str.charAt(i));
   
            // If this is first occurrence of element 
            if (hmap.get(str.charAt(i)) == null)
               hmap.put(str.charAt(i), 1);
   
            // If elements already exists in hash map
            else
              hmap.put(str.charAt(i), ++c);
        }
          
        // Print result
        for (Map.Entry m:hmap.entrySet())
          System.out.println("Character = " + m.getKey() + 
                         " Frequency = " + m.getValue());
    }
  
    // Driver program to run and test above program
    public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
    {
        Stringfun obj = new Stringfun();
        obj.words();
        obj.frequency();
    }
}

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Python 3

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# Python3 program to print Number of Words,
# Vowels and Frequency of Each Character
  
# A method to count the number of 
# uppercase character, vowels and number of words
def words(str):
    wcount = vcount = ucount = i = 0
    while i < len(str):
        ch = str[i]
          
        # condition checking for word count
        if (ch == " " or ch == "."):
            wcount += 1
              
        # condition checking for vowels 
        # in lower case     
        if(ch == "a" or ch == "e" or 
           ch == "i" or ch == 'o' or ch == "u"):
            vcount += 1
              
        # condition checking for vowels in uppercase 
        if (ch == "A" or ch == "E" or 
            ch == "I" or ch == 'O' or ch == "U"):
            vcount += 1
              
        # condition checking for upper case characters 
        if (ord(ch) >= 65 and ord(ch) <= 90):
            ucount += 1
        i += 1
          
    print("number of words = ", wcount)
    print("number of vowels = ", vcount)
    print("number of upper case characters = "
                                        ucount)
      
# a method to print the frequency 
# of each character. 
def frequency(str):
    i = 1
      
    # checking each and every
    # ascii code character 
    while i < 127:
        ch1 = chr(i)
        c = 0
        j = 0
        while j < len(str):
            ch2 = str[j]
            if(ch1 == ch2):
                c += 1
            j += 1
              
        # condition to print the freqency 
        if c > 0:
            print("Character:", ch1 + 
                  " Frequency:", c)
        i += 1
          
# Driver Code
  
# sample string to check the code     
s = "Geeks for Geeks."
  
# function calling
words(s)
frequency(s)
  
# This code is contributed by Animesh_Gupta

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Output :

Number of words = 3
Number of vowels = 5
Number of upper case characters = 2
Character =   Frequency = 2
Character = . Frequency = 1
Character = G Frequency = 2
Character = e Frequency = 4
Character = f Frequency = 1
Character = k Frequency = 2
Character = o Frequency = 1
Character = r Frequency = 1
Character = s Frequency = 2

Time Complexity : O(n), where n is the number of characters in the string.
Auxiliary Space : O(1).

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