# Print nodes of linked list at given indexes

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 11 Jan, 2023

Given a singly linked list which is sorted in ascending order and another singly linked list which is unsorted. The task is to print the elements of the second linked list according to the position pointed out by the data in the nodes of the first linked list. For example, if the first linked list is 1->2->5 then you have to print the 1st, 2nd and 5th elements of the second linked list.

Examples

```Input: l1 = 1->2->5
l2 = 1->8->7->6->2->9->10
Output : 1->8->2
Elements in l1 are 1, 2 and 5.
Therefore, print 1st, 2nd and 5th elements of l2,
Which are 1, 8 and 2.

Input: l1 = 2->5
l2 = 7->5->3->2->8
Output: 5->8 ```

Take two pointers to traverse the two linked lists using two nested loops. The outer loop points to the elements of the first list and the inner loop point to the elements of the second list respectively. In the first iteration of outer loop, the pointer to the head of the first linked list points to its root node. We traverse the second linked list until we reach the position pointed out by the node’s data in the first linked list. Once the required position is reached, print the data of the second list and repeat this process again until we reach the end of the first linked list.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program to print second linked list``// according to data in the first linked list``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;`` ` `// Linked List Node``struct` `Node {``    ``int` `data;``    ``struct` `Node* next;``};`` ` `/* Function to insert a node at the beginning */``void` `push(``struct` `Node** head_ref, ``int` `new_data)``{``    ``Node* new_node = ``new` `Node;`` ` `    ``new_node->data = new_data;``    ``new_node->next = (*head_ref);``    ``(*head_ref) = new_node;``}`` ` `// Function to print the second list according``// to the positions referred by the 1st list``void` `printSecondList(Node* l1, Node* l2)``{``    ``struct` `Node* temp = l1;``    ``struct` `Node* temp1 = l2;`` ` `    ``// While first linked list is not null.``    ``while` `(temp != NULL) {``        ``int` `i = 1;`` ` `        ``// While second linked list is not equal``        ``// to the data in the node of the``        ``// first linked list.``        ``while` `(i < temp->data) {``            ``// Keep incrementing second list``            ``temp1 = temp1->next;``            ``i++;``        ``}`` ` `        ``// Print the node at position in second list``        ``// pointed by current element of first list``        ``cout << temp1->data << ``" "``;`` ` `        ``// Increment first linked list``        ``temp = temp->next;`` ` `        ``// Set temp1 to the start of the``        ``// second linked list``        ``temp1 = l2;``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``struct` `Node *l1 = NULL, *l2 = NULL;`` ` `    ``// Creating 1st list``    ``// 2 -> 5``    ``push(&l1, 5);``    ``push(&l1, 2);`` ` `    ``// Creating 2nd list``    ``// 4 -> 5 -> 6 -> 7 -> 8``    ``push(&l2, 8);``    ``push(&l2, 7);``    ``push(&l2, 6);``    ``push(&l2, 5);``    ``push(&l2, 4);`` ` `    ``printSecondList(l1, l2);`` ` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to print second linked list ``// according to data in the first linked list ``class` `GFG``{``     ` `// Linked List Node ``static` `class` `Node``{ ``    ``int` `data; ``    ``Node next; ``}; `` ` `/* Function to insert a node at the beginning */``static` `Node push( Node head_ref, ``int` `new_data) ``{ ``    ``Node new_node = ``new` `Node(); `` ` `    ``new_node.data = new_data; ``    ``new_node.next = (head_ref); ``    ``(head_ref) = new_node;``    ``return` `head_ref; ``} `` ` `// Function to print the second list according ``// to the positions referred by the 1st list ``static` `void` `printSecondList(Node l1, Node l2) ``{ ``    ``Node temp = l1; ``    ``Node temp1 = l2; `` ` `    ``// While first linked list is not null. ``    ``while` `(temp != ``null``)``    ``{ ``        ``int` `i = ``1``; `` ` `        ``// While second linked list is not equal ``        ``// to the data in the node of the ``        ``// first linked list. ``        ``while` `(i < temp.data) ``        ``{ ``            ``// Keep incrementing second list ``            ``temp1 = temp1.next; ``            ``i++; ``        ``} `` ` `        ``// Print the node at position in second list ``        ``// pointed by current element of first list ``        ``System.out.print( temp1.data + ``" "``); `` ` `        ``// Increment first linked list ``        ``temp = temp.next; `` ` `        ``// Set temp1 to the start of the ``        ``// second linked list ``        ``temp1 = l2; ``    ``} ``} `` ` `// Driver Code ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[]) ``{ ``    ``Node l1 = ``null``, l2 = ``null``; `` ` `    ``// Creating 1st list ``    ``// 2 . 5 ``    ``l1 = push(l1, ``5``); ``    ``l1 = push(l1, ``2``); `` ` `    ``// Creating 2nd list ``    ``// 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 ``    ``l2 = push(l2, ``8``); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, ``7``); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, ``6``); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, ``5``); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, ``4``); `` ` `    ``printSecondList(l1, l2); ``}``} `` ` `// This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to prsecond linked list``# according to data in the first linked list`` ` `# Linked List Node``class` `new_Node: ``         ` `    ``# Constructor to initialize the node object ``    ``def` `__init__(``self``, data): ``        ``self``.data ``=` `data ``        ``self``.``next` `=` `None`` ` `''' Function to insert a node at the beginning '''``def` `push(head_ref, new_data):``    ``new_node ``=` `new_Node(new_data)``    ``new_node.``next` `=` `head_ref``    ``head_ref ``=` `new_node``    ``return` `head_ref``     ` `# Function to print second list according``# to the positions referred by the 1st list``def` `printSecondList(l1,l2):``     ` `    ``temp ``=` `l1``    ``temp1 ``=` `l2``     ` `    ``# While first linked list is not None.``    ``while` `(temp !``=` `None``):``        ``i ``=` `1``         ` `        ``# While second linked list is not equal``        ``# to the data in the node of the``        ``# first linked list.``        ``while` `(i < temp.data):``            ``# Keep incrementing second list``            ``temp1 ``=` `temp1.``next``            ``i ``+``=` `1``             ` `        ``# Print node at position in second list``        ``# pointed by current element of first list``        ``print``(temp1.data,end``=``" "``)``         ` `        ``# Increment first linked list``        ``temp ``=` `temp.``next``         ` `        ``# Set temp1 to the start of the``        ``# second linked list``        ``temp1 ``=` `l2`` ` `# Driver Code``l1 ``=` `None``l2 ``=` `None`` ` `# Creating 1st list``# 2 . 5``l1 ``=` `push(l1, ``5``)``l1 ``=` `push(l1, ``2``)`` ` `# Creating 2nd list``# 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``8``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``7``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``6``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``5``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``4``)`` ` `printSecondList(l1, l2)`` ` `# This code is contributed by shubhamsingh10`

## C#

 `// C# program to print second linked list ``// according to data in the first linked list ``using` `System;`` ` `class` `GFG ``{ ``     ` `// Linked List Node ``public` `class` `Node ``{ ``    ``public` `int` `data; ``    ``public` `Node next; ``}; `` ` `/* Function to insert a node at the beginning */``static` `Node push( Node head_ref, ``int` `new_data) ``{ ``    ``Node new_node = ``new` `Node(); `` ` `    ``new_node.data = new_data; ``    ``new_node.next = (head_ref); ``    ``(head_ref) = new_node; ``    ``return` `head_ref; ``} `` ` `// Function to print the second list according ``// to the positions referred by the 1st list ``static` `void` `printSecondList(Node l1, Node l2) ``{ ``    ``Node temp = l1; ``    ``Node temp1 = l2; `` ` `    ``// While first linked list is not null. ``    ``while` `(temp != ``null``) ``    ``{ ``        ``int` `i = 1; `` ` `        ``// While second linked list is not equal ``        ``// to the data in the node of the ``        ``// first linked list. ``        ``while` `(i < temp.data) ``        ``{ ``            ``// Keep incrementing second list ``            ``temp1 = temp1.next; ``            ``i++; ``        ``} `` ` `        ``// Print the node at position in second list ``        ``// pointed by current element of first list ``        ``Console.Write( temp1.data + ``" "``); `` ` `        ``// Increment first linked list ``        ``temp = temp.next; `` ` `        ``// Set temp1 to the start of the ``        ``// second linked list ``        ``temp1 = l2; ``    ``} ``} `` ` `// Driver Code ``public` `static` `void` `Main() ``{ ``    ``Node l1 = ``null``, l2 = ``null``; `` ` `    ``// Creating 1st list ``    ``// 2 . 5 ``    ``l1 = push(l1, 5); ``    ``l1 = push(l1, 2); `` ` `    ``// Creating 2nd list ``    ``// 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 ``    ``l2 = push(l2, 8); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, 7); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, 6); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, 5); ``    ``l2 = push(l2, 4); `` ` `    ``printSecondList(l1, l2); ``} ``} `` ` `// This code has been contributed by 29AjayKumar`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`5 8 `

Complexity Analysis:

• Time Complexity: O(n^2)
• As we are using nested loops and traversing the items of the second list for every element in the first list.
• Auxiliary Space: O(1)
• As constant extra space is used.

Another approach:

As we know that the data in the first list is sorted we can make use of this fact to traverse the second list.

1. Make two pointers to head of both the lists
2. Set a counter to 1
3. Keep incrementing the counter and moving forward in the second list till the counter’s value is less to the data at current pointer in first list
4. Print the data of second list pointer and increment the pointer to first list
5. Repeat steps 3-4 until the pointer to 1st list is not NULL.

implementation:

## C++

 `// C++ program to print second linked list``// according to data in the first linked list``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;`` ` `// Linked List Node``struct` `Node {``    ``int` `data;``    ``struct` `Node* next;``};`` ` `/* Function to insert a node at the beginning */``void` `push(``struct` `Node** head_ref, ``int` `new_data)``{``    ``Node* new_node = ``new` `Node;`` ` `    ``new_node->data = new_data;``    ``new_node->next = (*head_ref);``    ``(*head_ref) = new_node;``}`` ` `// Function to print the second list according``// to the positions referred by the 1st list``void` `printSecondList(Node* l1, Node* l2)``{``    ``struct` `Node* temp1 = l1;``    ``struct` `Node* temp2 = l2;`` ` `    ``int` `counter = 1;`` ` `    ``// While first linked list is not null.``    ``while` `(temp1 != NULL) {`` ` `        ``// while the counter is less than the data at temp1``        ``while` `(counter < temp1->data) {``            ``// Keep incrementing second list``            ``temp2 = temp2->next;``            ``counter++;``        ``}`` ` `        ``// Print the node at position in second list``        ``// pointed by current element of first list``        ``cout << temp2->data << ``" "``;`` ` `        ``// Increment first linked list``        ``temp1 = temp1->next;``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``struct` `Node *l1 = NULL, *l2 = NULL;`` ` `    ``// Creating 1st list``    ``// 2 -> 5``    ``push(&l1, 5);``    ``push(&l1, 2);`` ` `    ``// Creating 2nd list``    ``// 4 -> 5 -> 6 -> 7 -> 8``    ``push(&l2, 8);``    ``push(&l2, 7);``    ``push(&l2, 6);``    ``push(&l2, 5);``    ``push(&l2, 4);`` ` `    ``printSecondList(l1, l2);`` ` `    ``return` `0;``}``// This code is contributed by Abhijeet Kumar(abhijeet19403)`

## Java

 `// Java program to print second linked list``// according to data in the first linked list``class` `GFG {`` ` `    ``// Linked List Node``    ``static` `class` `Node {``        ``int` `data;``        ``Node next;``    ``};`` ` `    ``/* Function to insert a node at the beginning */``    ``static` `Node push(Node head_ref, ``int` `new_data)``    ``{``        ``Node new_node = ``new` `Node();`` ` `        ``new_node.data = new_data;``        ``new_node.next = (head_ref);``        ``(head_ref) = new_node;``        ``return` `head_ref;``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Function to print the second list according``    ``// to the positions referred by the 1st list``    ``static` `void` `printSecondList(Node l1, Node l2)``    ``{``        ``Node temp1 = l1;``        ``Node temp2 = l2;`` ` `        ``int` `counter = ``1``;`` ` `        ``// While first linked list is not null.``        ``while` `(temp1 != ``null``) {`` ` `            ``// while the counter is less than the data at``            ``// temp1``            ``while` `(counter < temp1.data) {``                ``// Keep incrementing second list``                ``temp2 = temp2.next;``                ``counter++;``            ``}`` ` `            ``// Print the node at position in second list``            ``// pointed by current element of first list``            ``System.out.print(temp2.data + ``" "``);`` ` `            ``// Increment first linked list``            ``temp1 = temp1.next;``        ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{``        ``Node l1 = ``null``, l2 = ``null``;`` ` `        ``// Creating 1st list``        ``// 2 . 5``        ``l1 = push(l1, ``5``);``        ``l1 = push(l1, ``2``);`` ` `        ``// Creating 2nd list``        ``// 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8``        ``l2 = push(l2, ``8``);``        ``l2 = push(l2, ``7``);``        ``l2 = push(l2, ``6``);``        ``l2 = push(l2, ``5``);``        ``l2 = push(l2, ``4``);`` ` `        ``printSecondList(l1, l2);``    ``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by Abhijeet Kumar(abhijeet19403)`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to prsecond linked list``# according to data in the first linked list`` ` `# Linked List Node`` ` ` ` `class` `new_Node:`` ` `    ``# Constructor to initialize the node object``    ``def` `__init__(``self``, data):``        ``self``.data ``=` `data``        ``self``.``next` `=` `None`` ` ` ` `''' Function to insert a node at the beginning '''`` ` ` ` `def` `push(head_ref, new_data):``    ``new_node ``=` `new_Node(new_data)``    ``new_node.``next` `=` `head_ref``    ``head_ref ``=` `new_node``    ``return` `head_ref`` ` `# Function to print second list according``# to the positions referred by the 1st list`` ` ` ` `def` `printSecondList(l1, l2):`` ` `    ``temp1 ``=` `l1``    ``temp2 ``=` `l2`` ` `    ``counter ``=` `1``    ``# While first linked list is not None.``    ``while` `(temp1 !``=` `None``):`` ` `        ``# while the counter is less than the data at temp1``        ``while` `(counter < temp1.data):``            ``# Keep incrementing second list``            ``temp2 ``=` `temp2.``next``            ``counter ``+``=` `1`` ` `        ``# Print node at position in second list``        ``# pointed by current element of first list``        ``print``(temp2.data, end``=``" "``)`` ` `        ``# Increment first linked list``        ``temp1 ``=` `temp1.``next`` ` ` ` `# Driver Code``l1 ``=` `None``l2 ``=` `None`` ` `# Creating 1st list``# 2 . 5``l1 ``=` `push(l1, ``5``)``l1 ``=` `push(l1, ``2``)`` ` `# Creating 2nd list``# 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``8``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``7``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``6``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``5``)``l2 ``=` `push(l2, ``4``)`` ` `printSecondList(l1, l2)`` ` `# This code is contributed by Abhijeet Kumar(abhijeet19403)`

## C#

 `// C# program to print second linked list``// according to data in the first linked list``using` `System;`` ` `class` `GFG {`` ` `    ``// Linked List Node``    ``public` `class` `Node {``        ``public` `int` `data;``        ``public` `Node next;``    ``};`` ` `    ``/* Function to insert a node at the beginning */``    ``static` `Node push(Node head_ref, ``int` `new_data)``    ``{``        ``Node new_node = ``new` `Node();`` ` `        ``new_node.data = new_data;``        ``new_node.next = (head_ref);``        ``(head_ref) = new_node;``        ``return` `head_ref;``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Function to print the second list according``    ``// to the positions referred by the 1st list``    ``static` `void` `printSecondList(Node l1, Node l2)``    ``{``        ``Node temp1 = l1;``        ``Node temp2 = l2;`` ` `        ``int` `counter = 1;``        ``// While first linked list is not null.``        ``while` `(temp1 != ``null``) {``            ``// while the counter is less than the data at``            ``// temp1``            ``while` `(counter < temp1.data) {``                ``// Keep incrementing second list``                ``temp2 = temp2.next;``                ``counter++;``            ``}`` ` `            ``// Print the node at position in second list``            ``// pointed by current element of first list``            ``Console.Write(temp2.data + ``" "``);`` ` `            ``// Increment first linked list``            ``temp1 = temp1.next;``        ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main()``    ``{``        ``Node l1 = ``null``, l2 = ``null``;`` ` `        ``// Creating 1st list``        ``// 2 . 5``        ``l1 = push(l1, 5);``        ``l1 = push(l1, 2);`` ` `        ``// Creating 2nd list``        ``// 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8``        ``l2 = push(l2, 8);``        ``l2 = push(l2, 7);``        ``l2 = push(l2, 6);``        ``l2 = push(l2, 5);``        ``l2 = push(l2, 4);`` ` `        ``printSecondList(l1, l2);``    ``}``}`` ` `// This code has been contributed by Abhijeet Kumar(abhijeet19403)`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

`5 8 `

Complexity Analysis:

• Time Complexity: O(n)
• Although we are using nested loops but total number of operations is limited to O(n) only.
• Auxiliary Space: O(1)
• As constant extra space is used.

This approach was contributed by Abhijeet Kumar.

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