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# Print a matrix in Reverse Wave Form

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 13 Apr, 2021

Given a matrix, print it in Reverse Wave Form.

Examples :

```Input :  1  2  3  4
5  6  7  8
9  10 11 12
13 14 15 16
Output : 4 8 12 16 15 11 7 3 2 6 10 14 13 9 5 1

Input :  1  9  4  10
3  6  90 11
2  30 85 72
6  31 99 15
Output : 10 11 72 15 99 85 90 4 9 6 30 31 6 2 3 1```

Approach :To get the reverse wave form for a given matrix, we first print the elements of the last column of the matrix in downward direction then print the elements of the 2nd last column in the upward direction, then print the elements in third last column in downward direction and so on. For example 1, the flow goes like : Below is the implementation to print reverse wave form of a matrix :

## C++

 `// C++ implementation to print``// reverse wave form of matrix``#include``using` `namespace` `std;` `#define R 4``#define C 4` `// function to print reverse wave``// form for a given matrix``void` `WavePrint(``int` `m, ``int` `n, ``int` `arr[R][C])``{``    ``int` `i, j = n - 1, wave = 1;` `    ``/* m     - Ending row index``        ``n     - Ending column index``        ``i, j     - Iterator``        ``wave     - for Direction``        ``wave = 1 - Wave direction down``        ``wave = 0 - Wave direction up   */``    ``while` `(j >= 0) {``        ` `        ``// Check whether to go in``        ``// upward or downward``        ``if` `(wave == 1) {``            ` `            ``// Print the element of the matrix``            ``// downward since the value of wave = 1``            ``for` `(i = 0; i < m; i++)``                ``cout << arr[i][j] << ``" "``; ``          ` `            ``wave = 0;``            ``j--;``        ``}``        ``else` `{``            ` `            ``// Print the elements of the``            ``// matrix upward since the value``            ``// of wave = 0``            ``for` `(i = m - 1; i >= 0; i--)``                ``cout << arr[i][j] << ``" "``;``            ` `            ``wave = 1;``            ``j--;``        ``}``    ``}``}` `// driver function``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `arr[R][C] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },``                      ``{ 5, 6, 7, 8 },``                      ``{ 9, 10, 11, 12 },``                      ``{ 13, 14, 15, 16 } };                   ``    ``WavePrint(R, C, arr);``    ` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation to print``// reverse wave form of matrix``import` `java.io.*;` `class` `GFG``{``    ``static` `int` `R = ``4``;``    ``static` `int` `C = ``4``;``    ` `    ``// function to print reverse wave``    ``// form for a given matrix``    ``static` `void` `WavePrint(``int` `m, ``int` `n, ``int` `arr[][])``    ``{``        ``int` `i, j = n - ``1``, wave = ``1``;``    ` `        ``// m- Ending row index``        ``//n - Ending column index``        ``//i, j     - Iterator``        ``//wave     - for Direction``        ``//wave = 1 - Wave direction down``        ``//wave = 0 - Wave direction up */``        ``while` `(j >= ``0``)``        ``{``            ` `            ``// Check whether to go in``            ``// upward or downward``            ``if` `(wave == ``1``)``            ``{``                ``// Print the element of the matrix``                ``// downward since the value of wave = 1``                ``for` `(i = ``0``; i < m; i++)``                    ``System.out.print(arr[i][j] +``" "``);``            ` `                ``wave = ``0``;``                ``j--;``            ``}``            ``else` `{``                ` `                ``// Print the elements of the``                ``// matrix upward since the value``                ``// of wave = 0``                ``for` `(i = m - ``1``; i >= ``0``; i--)``                    ``System.out.print( arr[i][j] + ``" "``);``                ` `                ``wave = ``1``;``                ``j--;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Driver function``    ``public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args)``    ``{``        ``int` `arr[][] = { { ``1``, ``2``, ``3``, ``4` `},``                    ``{ ``5``, ``6``, ``7``, ``8` `},``                    ``{ ``9``, ``10``, ``11``, ``12` `},``                    ``{ ``13``, ``14``, ``15``, ``16` `} };            ``        ``WavePrint(R, C, arr);  ``    ` `    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by vt_m`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation to print``# reverse wave form of matrix` `R ``=` `4``C ``=` `4` `# function to print reverse wave``# form for a given matrix``def` `wavePrint(m, n, arr):``    ``j ``=` `n ``-` `1``    ``wave ``=` `1``    ` `    ``# m     - Ending row index``    ``# n     - Ending column index``    ``# i, j     - Iterator``    ``# wave     - for Direction``    ``# wave = 1 - Wave direction down``    ``# wave = 0 - Wave direction up``    ``while` `j >``=` `0``:``        ` `        ``# Check whether to go in``        ``# upward or downward``        ``if` `wave ``=``=` `1``:``    ` `            ``# Print the element of the``            ``# matrix downward since the``                        ``# value of wave = 1``            ``for` `i ``in` `range``(m):``                ``print``(arr[i][j], end ``=` `" "``),``            ``wave ``=` `0``            ``j ``-``=` `1``            ` `            ` `        ``else``:``            ``# Print the elements of the``            ``# matrix upward since the``            ``# value of wave = 0``            ``for` `i ``in` `range``(m ``-` `1``, ``-``1``, ``-``1``):``                ``print``(arr[i][j], end ``=` `" "``),``                ` `            ``wave ``=` `1``            ``j ``-``=` `1` `# Driver code``arr ``=` `[ [ ``1``, ``2``, ``3``, ``4` `],``        ``[ ``5``, ``6``, ``7``, ``8` `],``        ``[ ``9``, ``10``, ``11``, ``12` `],``        ``[ ``13``, ``14``, ``15``, ``16` `] ]``        ` `wavePrint(R, C, arr)` `# This code is contributed by``# Upendra Singh Bartwal`

## C#

 `// C# implementation to print``// reverse wave form of matrix``using` `System;` `class` `GFG {``    ` `    ``static` `int` `R = 4;``    ``static` `int` `C = 4;``    ` `    ``// function to print reverse wave``    ``// form for a given matrix``    ``static` `void` `WavePrint(``int` `m, ``int` `n, ``int` `[,]arr)``    ``{``        ` `        ``int` `i, j = n - 1, wave = 1;``    ` `        ``// m- Ending row index``        ``// n - Ending column index``        ``// i, j - Iterator``        ``// wave - for Direction``        ``// wave = 1 - Wave direction down``        ``// wave = 0 - Wave direction up */``        ``while` `(j >= 0)``        ``{``            ` `            ``// Check whether to go in``            ``// upward or downward``            ``if` `(wave == 1) {``                ` `                ``// Print the element of the``                ``// matrix downward since the``                ``// value of wave = 1``                ``for` `(i = 0; i < m; i++)``                    ``Console.Write(arr[i,j] + ``" "``);``            ` `                ``wave = 0;``                ``j--;``            ``}``            ` `            ``else` `{``                ` `                ``// Print the elements of the``                ``// matrix upward since the value``                ``// of wave = 0``                ``for` `(i = m - 1; i >= 0; i--)``                    ``Console.Write( arr[i,j] + ``" "``);``                ` `                ``wave = 1;``                ``j--;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Driver function``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main ()``    ``{``        ``int` `[,]arr = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },``                       ``{ 5, 6, 7, 8 },``                       ``{ 9, 10, 11, 12 },``                       ``{ 13, 14, 15, 16 } };``                       ` `        ``WavePrint(R, C, arr);``    ` `    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by vt_m.`

## PHP

 `= 0)``    ``{``        ` `        ``// Check whether to go in``        ``// upward or downward``        ``if` `(``\$wave` `== 1)``        ``{``            ` `            ``// Print the element of the``            ``// matrix downward since the``            ``// value of wave = 1``            ``for` `(``\$i` `= 0; ``\$i` `< ``\$m``; ``\$i``++)``                ``echo` `\$arr``[``\$i``][``\$j``] , ``" "``;``        ` `            ``\$wave` `= 0;``            ``\$j``--;``        ``}``        ``else``        ``{``            ` `            ``// Print the elements of``            ``// the matrix upward since``            ``// the value of wave = 0``            ``for` `(``\$i` `= ``\$m` `- 1; ``\$i` `>= 0; ``\$i``--)``                ``echo` `\$arr``[``\$i``][``\$j``] , ``" "``;``            ` `            ``\$wave` `= 1;``            ``\$j``--;``        ``}``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``\$arr` `= ``array``(``array``(1, 2, 3, 4),``             ``array``(5, 6, 7, 8),``             ``array``(9, 10, 11, 12),``             ``array``(13, 14, 15, 16));                ``WavePrint(``\$R``, ``\$C``, ``\$arr``);``    ` `// This code is contributed by ajit``?>`

## Javascript

 ``

Output:

`4 8 12 16 15 11 7 3 2 6 10 14 13 9 5 1 `

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