# Print Ancestors of a given node in Binary Tree

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 05 Jul, 2021

Given a Binary Tree and a key, write a function that prints all the ancestors of the key in the given binary tree.
For example, if the given tree is following Binary Tree and key is 7, then your function should print 4, 2 and 1.

```              1
/   \
2      3
/  \
4     5
/
7```

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Thanks to Mike, Sambasiva and wgpshashank for their contribution.

## C++

 `// C++ program to print ancestors of given node``#include` `using` `namespace` `std;` `/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child``   ``and a pointer to right child */``struct` `node``{``   ``int` `data;``   ``struct` `node* left;``   ``struct` `node* right;``};` `/* If target is present in tree, then prints the ancestors``   ``and returns true, otherwise returns false. */``bool` `printAncestors(``struct` `node *root, ``int` `target)``{``  ``/* base cases */``  ``if` `(root == NULL)``     ``return` `false``;` `  ``if` `(root->data == target)``     ``return` `true``;` `  ``/* If target is present in either left or right subtree of this node,``     ``then print this node */``  ``if` `( printAncestors(root->left, target) ||``       ``printAncestors(root->right, target) )``  ``{``    ``cout << root->data << ``" "``;``    ``return` `true``;``  ``}` `  ``/* Else return false */``  ``return` `false``;``}` `/* Helper function that allocates a new node with the``   ``given data and NULL left and right pointers. */``struct` `node* newnode(``int` `data)``{``  ``struct` `node* node = (``struct` `node*)``                       ``malloc``(``sizeof``(``struct` `node));``  ``node->data = data;``  ``node->left = NULL;``  ``node->right = NULL;` `  ``return``(node);``}` `/* Driver program to test above functions*/``int` `main()``{` `  ``/* Construct the following binary tree``              ``1``            ``/   \``          ``2      3``        ``/  \``      ``4     5``     ``/``    ``7``  ``*/``  ``struct` `node *root = newnode(1);``  ``root->left        = newnode(2);``  ``root->right       = newnode(3);``  ``root->left->left  = newnode(4);``  ``root->left->right = newnode(5);``  ``root->left->left->left  = newnode(7);` `  ``printAncestors(root, 7);` `  ``getchar``();``  ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to print ancestors of given node`` ` `/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child``   ``and a pointer to right child */``class` `Node``{``    ``int` `data;``    ``Node left, right, nextRight;`` ` `    ``Node(``int` `item)``    ``{``        ``data = item;``        ``left = right = nextRight = ``null``;``    ``}``}`` ` `class` `BinaryTree``{``    ``Node root;`` ` `    ``/* If target is present in tree, then prints the ancestors``       ``and returns true, otherwise returns false. */``    ``boolean` `printAncestors(Node node, ``int` `target)``    ``{``         ``/* base cases */``        ``if` `(node == ``null``)``            ``return` `false``;`` ` `        ``if` `(node.data == target)``            ``return` `true``;`` ` `        ``/* If target is present in either left or right subtree``           ``of this node, then print this node */``        ``if` `(printAncestors(node.left, target)``                ``|| printAncestors(node.right, target))``        ``{``            ``System.out.print(node.data + ``" "``);``            ``return` `true``;``        ``}`` ` `        ``/* Else return false */``        ``return` `false``;``    ``}`` ` `    ``/* Driver program to test above functions */``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{``        ``BinaryTree tree = ``new` `BinaryTree();``        ` `        ``/* Construct the following binary tree``                  ``1``                ``/   \``               ``2     3``              ``/  \``             ``4    5``            ``/``           ``7``        ``*/``        ``tree.root = ``new` `Node(``1``);``        ``tree.root.left = ``new` `Node(``2``);``        ``tree.root.right = ``new` `Node(``3``);``        ``tree.root.left.left = ``new` `Node(``4``);``        ``tree.root.left.right = ``new` `Node(``5``);``        ``tree.root.left.left.left = ``new` `Node(``7``);`` ` `        ``tree.printAncestors(tree.root, ``7``);`` ` `    ``}``}`` ` `// This code has been contributed by Mayank Jaiswal`

## Python

 `# Python program to print ancestors of given node in``# binary tree` `# A Binary Tree node``class` `Node:` `    ``# Constructor to create a new node``    ``def` `__init__(``self``, data):``        ``self``.data ``=` `data``        ``self``.left ``=` `None``        ``self``.right ``=` `None` `# If target is present in tree, then prints the ancestors``# and returns true, otherwise returns false``def` `printAncestors(root, target):``    ` `    ``# Base case``    ``if` `root ``=``=` `None``:``        ``return` `False``    ` `    ``if` `root.data ``=``=` `target:``        ``return` `True` `    ``# If target is present in either left or right subtree``    ``# of this node, then print this node``    ``if` `(printAncestors(root.left, target) ``or``        ``printAncestors(root.right, target)):``        ``print` `root.data,``        ``return` `True` `    ``# Else return False``    ``return` `False` `# Driver program to test above function``root ``=` `Node(``1``)``root.left ``=` `Node(``2``)``root.right ``=` `Node(``3``)``root.left.left ``=` `Node(``4``)``root.left.right ``=` `Node(``5``)``root.left.left.left ``=` `Node(``7``)` `printAncestors(root, ``7``)` `# This code is contributed by Nikhil Kumar Singh(nickzuck_007)`

## C#

 `using` `System;` `// C# program to print ancestors of given node` `/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child``and a pointer to right child */``public` `class` `Node``{``    ``public` `int` `data;``    ``public` `Node left, right, nextRight;` `    ``public` `Node(``int` `item)``    ``{``        ``data = item;``        ``left = right = nextRight = ``null``;``    ``}``}` `public` `class` `BinaryTree``{``    ``public` `Node root;` `    ``/* If target is present in tree, then prints the ancestors``    ``and returns true, otherwise returns false. */``    ``public` `virtual` `bool` `printAncestors(Node node, ``int` `target)``    ``{``        ``/* base cases */``        ``if` `(node == ``null``)``        ``{``            ``return` `false``;``        ``}` `        ``if` `(node.data == target)``        ``{``            ``return` `true``;``        ``}` `        ``/* If target is present in either left or right subtree``        ``of this node, then print this node */``        ``if` `(printAncestors(node.left, target)``        ``|| printAncestors(node.right, target))``        ``{``            ``Console.Write(node.data + ``" "``);``            ``return` `true``;``        ``}` `        ``/* Else return false */``        ``return` `false``;``    ``}` `    ``/* Driver program to test above functions */``    ``public` `static` `void` `Main(``string``[] args)``    ``{``        ``BinaryTree tree = ``new` `BinaryTree();` `        ``/* Construct the following binary tree``                ``1``                ``/ \``            ``2     3``            ``/ \``            ``4 5``            ``/``        ``7``        ``*/``        ``tree.root = ``new` `Node(1);``        ``tree.root.left = ``new` `Node(2);``        ``tree.root.right = ``new` `Node(3);``        ``tree.root.left.left = ``new` `Node(4);``        ``tree.root.left.right = ``new` `Node(5);``        ``tree.root.left.left.left = ``new` `Node(7);` `        ``tree.printAncestors(tree.root, 7);` `    ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Shrikant13`

## Javascript

 ``

Output:

`4 2 1`

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is the number of nodes in the given Binary Tree.