Print a 2 D Array or Matrix in Java

Prerequisites : Arrays in Java, Array Declarations in Java (Single and Multidimensional)

Method 1 (Simple Traversal)
We can find number of rows in a matrix mat[][] using mat.length. To find number of columns in i-th row, we use mat[i].length.

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// Java program to print the elements of
// a 2 D array or matrix
import java.io.*;
class GFG {
  
    public static void print2D(int mat[][])
    {
        // Loop through all rows
        for (int i = 0; i < mat.length; i++)
  
            // Loop through all elements of current row
            for (int j = 0; j < mat[i].length; j++)
                System.out.print(mat[i][j] + " ");
    }
  
    public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
    {
        int mat[][] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },
                        { 5, 6, 7, 8 },
                        { 9, 10, 11, 12 } };
        print2D(mat);
    }
}

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Output :

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 

 

Method 2 (Using for-each loop)
This is similar to above. Instead of simple for loops, we use for each loop here.

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// Java program to print the elements of
// a 2 D array or matrix using for-each
import java.io.*;
class GFG {
  
    public static void print2D(int mat[][])
    {
        // Loop through all rows
        for (int[] row : mat)
  
            // Loop through all columns of current row
            for (int x : row)
                System.out.print(x + " ");
    }
  
    public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
    {
        int mat[][] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },
                        { 5, 6, 7, 8 },
                        { 9, 10, 11, 12 } };
        print2D(mat);
    }
}

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Output :

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 

 

Method 3 (Prints in matrix style Using Arrays.toString())
Arrays.toString(row) converts the complete row is converted as string and then each row is printed in a separate line.

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// Java program to print the elements of
// a 2 D array or matrix using toString()
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
class GFG {
  
    public static void print2D(int mat[][])
    {
        // Loop through all rows
        for (int[] row : mat)
  
            // converting each row as string
            // and then printing in a separate line
            System.out.println(Arrays.toString(row));
    }
  
    public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException
    {
        int mat[][] = { { 1, 2, 3, 4 },
                        { 5, 6, 7, 8 },
                        { 9, 10, 11, 12 } };
        print2D(mat);
    }
}

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Output :

[1, 2, 3, 4]
[5, 6, 7, 8]
[9, 10, 11, 12]

This article is contributed by Nikita Tiwari. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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