# Syllogism: Verbal Reasoning Questions and Answers

Syllogism is an essential part of various competitive exams in India. It is generally a part of the Verbal Ability section, and plays a vital role in examinations sharing 3 or 4 marks out of the total marks. There are many ways of reaching the final solution to questions of syllogisms. The most popular and easily used method of all is using a Venn diagram. Based on the statements given in the question, one should draw all the possible diagrams and one with minimum overlapping will be taken. Finally, options that satisfy all conditions according to the  Venn diagram will be considered.

## Syllogism Reasoning Concepts

• Only A are B can be rewritten as “All B are A”
• Only a few A are B can be written as ” Some A are B ” as well as ” Some A are not B”. This means that some part of A is fixed in that it is related to B but the rest part of A has no relation to B.

### Direction: In each of the following questions two or three statements are given and these are followed by two conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follows the statements:

Option A- If only (1) conclusion follows

Option B- If only (2) conclusion follows

Option C- If either (1) or (2) conclusion follows

Option D- If neither (1) nor (2) conclusion follows

Option E- If both (1) and (2) conclusion follows

### Q1. Statement:  Only a few table are fish. No fish is desktop. All desktop is pen. Conclusion: 1. Some table is not desktop.2. All table being fish is a possibility.

Some part of table is fish and all fish is not desktop. So conclusion 1 follows.

### Q4 Statement: No plot is queen. No queen is rose. Only Sarita is rose.Conclusion: 1. No plot is rose.2. Some queen are Sarita.

It is clearly mentioned that rose can come only under Sarita.

### Q15 Statement:  Only tree is manuscript. Some tree is leaves. Only a few leaves is caterpillar.Conclusion: 1. Some leaves can be manuscript.2. Some leaves is not caterpillar.

It is clearly mentioned that some leaves are caterpillars and as “only a few” represent that not all leaves can be caterpillars. For “manuscript” it is mentioned that it has relation only with “tree”.