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PostgreSQL – Random Number Generation
  • Last Updated : 28 Aug, 2020

PostgreSQL provides the random() function that returns a random number between 0 and 1. In this article, we will look into the process of developing a user-defined function for generating random numbers within a range.

Syntax:SELECT random();

If you try the above syntax it will lead to the following:

psql random function

To generate a random number between 1 and 10, you use the following statement:

SELECT random() * 10 + 1 AS RAND_1_10;

If you try the above syntax it will lead to the following:



psql random function

If you want to generate the random number as an integer, you apply the floor() function to the expression as follows:

SELECT floor(random() * 10 + 1)::int;

The above query results in the following:

psql random function

Generally, to generate a random number between two integers l and h, you use the following statement:

SELECT floor(random() * (h-l+1) + l)::int;

To create a user-generated function that returns a random number between two numbers l and h:

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION random_between(low INT ,high INT) 
   RETURNS INT AS
$$
BEGIN
   RETURN floor(random()* (high-low + 1) + low);
END;
$$ language 'plpgsql' STRICT;

The following statement calls the random_between() function and returns a random number between 1 and 100:

SELECT random_between(1,100);

Output:

psql random function

If you want to get multiple random numbers between two integers, you use the following statement:

SELECT random_between(1,100)
FROM generate_series(1,5);

Output:

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