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PostgreSQL – NTILE Function
  • Last Updated : 10 Feb, 2021

In PostgreSQL, the NTILE() function is used to divide ordered rows in the partition into a specified number of ranked buckets. Buckets are nothing byt ranked groups.

The syntax of the NTILE() looks like below:

Syntax:
NTILE(buckets) OVER (
    [PARTITION BY partition_expression, ... ]
    [ORDER BY sort_expression [ASC | DESC], ...]
)

Let’s analyze the above syntax:

  • The buckets are the number of ranked groups. It can either be a number or an expression but the expression must evaluate a positive integer value.
  • The PARTITION BY is an optional clause distributes rows into partitions.
  • The ORDER BY clause is used to sort rows in each partition.

Example 1:

First, create a table named sales_stats that stores the  sales revenue by employees:



CREATE TABLE sales_stats(
    name VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL,
    year SMALLINT NOT NULL CHECK (year > 0),
    amount DECIMAL(10, 2) CHECK (amount >= 0),
    PRIMARY KEY (name, year)
);

Second, insert some rows into the sales_stats table:

INSERT INTO 
    sales_stats(name, year, amount)
VALUES
    ('Raju kumar', 2018, 120000),
    ('Alibaba', 2018, 110000),
    ('Gabbar Singh', 2018, 150000),
    ('Kadar Khan', 2018, 30000),
    ('Amrish Puri', 2018, 200000),
    ('Raju kumar', 2019, 150000),
    ('Alibaba', 2019, 130000),
    ('Gabbar Singh', 2019, 180000),
    ('Kadar Khan', 2019, 25000),
    ('Amrish Puri', 2019, 270000);

The below statement uses the NTILE() function to distribute rows into 3 buckets:

SELECT 
    name,
    amount,
    NTILE(3) OVER(
        ORDER BY amount
    )
FROM
    sales_stats
WHERE
    year = 2019;

Output:

Example 2:

The below query uses the NTILE() function to divide rows in the sales_stats table into two partitions and 3 buckets for each:

SELECT 
    name,
    amount,
    NTILE(3) OVER(
        PARTITION BY year
        ORDER BY amount
    )
FROM
    sales_stats;

Output:

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