 GeeksforGeeks App
Open App Browser
Continue

If-else and Switch cases are used to evaluate conditions and decide the flow of a program. The ternary operator is a shortcut operator used for shortening the conditional statements.

ternary operator: The ternary operator (?:) is a conditional operator used to perform a simple comparison or check on a condition having simple statements. It decreases the length of the code performing conditional operations. The order of operation of this operator is from left to right. It is called a ternary operator because it takes three operands- a condition, a result statement for true, and a result statement for false. The syntax for the ternary operator is as follows.

Syntax:

`(Condition) ? (Statement1) : (Statement2);`
• Condition: It is the expression to be evaluated and returns a boolean value.
• Statement 1: It is the statement to be executed if the condition results in a true state.
• Statement 2: It is the statement to be executed if the condition results in a false state.

The result of this comparison can also be assigned to a variable using the assignment operator. The syntax is as follows:

`Variable = (Condition) ? (Statement1) : (Statement2);`

If the statement executed depending on the condition returns any value, it will be assigned to the variable.

• The use of the ternary operator will make the code shorter in comparison to the IF ELSE statement.
• The code can be quick in length in comparison to the IF ELSE statement.
• The readability of the code will increase with the usage of conditional statements.
• The use of the ternary operator makes the code simpler.

Example 1: In this example, if the value of \$a is greater than 15, then 20 will be returned and will be assigned to \$b, else 5 will be returned and assigned to \$b.

## php

 ` 15 ? 20 : 5;``  ``print` `(``"Value of b is "` `. ``\$b``);``?>`

Output:

`Value of b is 5`

Example 2: In this example, if the value of \$age is more than or equal to 18, “Adult” is passed to print function and printed, else “Not Adult” is passed and printed.

## php

 `= 18) ? ``"Adult"` `: ``"Not Adult"``;``?>`

Output:

`Adult`

When we use ternary operator: We use the ternary operator when we need to simplify the if-else statements that are simply assigning values to variables depending on a condition. An advantage of using a ternary operator is that it reduces the huge if-else block to a single line, improving the code readability and simplify it. Very useful while assigning variables after form submission.

Example:

Original Code:

## php

 ``

Reduced to the following: Thus, the ternary operator successfully reduces the if-else block to a single line, hence serving its purpose.

## php

 ``

PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development. You can learn PHP from the ground up by following this PHP Tutorial and PHP Examples.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Related Tutorials