PHP Program for Egg Dropping Puzzle | DP-11

The following is a description of the instance of this famous puzzle involving n=2 eggs and a building with k=36 floors.

Suppose that we wish to know which stories in a 36-story building are safe to drop eggs from, and which will cause the eggs to break on landing. We make a few assumptions:

…..An egg that survives a fall can be used again.
…..A broken egg must be discarded.
…..The effect of a fall is the same for all eggs.
…..If an egg breaks when dropped, then it would break if dropped from a higher floor.
…..If an egg survives a fall then it would survive a shorter fall.
…..It is not ruled out that the first-floor windows break eggs, nor is it ruled out that the 36th-floor do not cause an egg to break.



If only one egg is available and we wish to be sure of obtaining the right result, the experiment can be carried out in only one way. Drop the egg from the first-floor window; if it survives, drop it from the second floor window. Continue upward until it breaks. In the worst case, this method may require 36 droppings. Suppose 2 eggs are available. What is the least number of egg-droppings that is guaranteed to work in all cases?
The problem is not actually to find the critical floor, but merely to decide floors from which eggs should be dropped so that total number of trials are minimized.

Source: Wiki for Dynamic Programming

Recommended: Please solve it on “PRACTICE ” first, before moving on to the solution.

Dynamic Programming Solution

PHP

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<?php
// A Dynamic Programming based PHP 
// Program for the Egg Dropping Puzzle
  
/* Function to get minimum number
   of trials needed in worst
   case with n eggs and k floors */
function eggDrop($n, $k)
{
      
    /* A 2D table where entery eggFloor[i][j]
       will represent minimum number of 
       trials needed for i eggs and j floors. */
    $eggFloor = array(array());;
      
    // We need one trial for one 
    // floor and0 trials for 0 floors
    for ($i = 1; $i <=$n;$i++)
    {
        $eggFloor[$i][1] = 1;
        $eggFloor[$i][0] = 0;
    }
  
    // We always need j trials
    // for one egg and j floors.
    for ($j = 1; $j <= $k; $j++)
        $eggFloor[1][$j] = $j;
  
    // Fill rest of the entries in 
    // table using optimal substructure
    // property
    for ($i = 2; $i <= $n; $i++)
    {
        for ($j = 2; $j <= $k; $j++)
        {
            $eggFloor[$i][$j] = 999999;
            for ($x = 1; $x <= $j; $x++)
            {
                $res = 1 + max($eggFloor[$i - 1][$x - 1], 
                                 $eggFloor[$i][$j - $x]);
                if ($res < $eggFloor[$i][$j])
                    $eggFloor[$i][$j] = $res;
            }
        }
    }
  
    // eggFloor[n][k] holds the result
    return $eggFloor[$n][$k];
}
  
    // Driver Code
    $n = 2;
    $k = 36;
    echo "Minimum number of trials in worst case with " .$n. " eggs and "
                                    .$k. " floors is " .eggDrop($n, $k) ;
                                      
// This code is contributed by Sam007
?>

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Output:

Minimum number of trials in worst case with 2 eggs and 36 floors is 8

Please refer complete article on Egg Dropping Puzzle | DP-11 for more details!



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