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Php Program for Check if an array is sorted and rotated

  • Last Updated : 24 Jan, 2022

Given an array of N distinct integers. The task is to write a program to check if this array is sorted and rotated counter-clockwise. A sorted array is not considered as sorted and rotated, i.e., there should at least one rotation.
Examples
 

Input : arr[] = { 3, 4, 5, 1, 2 }
Output : YES
The above array is sorted and rotated.
Sorted array: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}. 
Rotating this sorted array clockwise 
by 3 positions, we get: { 3, 4, 5, 1, 2}

Input: arr[] = {7, 9, 11, 12, 5}
Output: YES

Input: arr[] = {1, 2, 3}
Output: NO

Input: arr[] = {3, 4, 6, 1, 2, 5}
Output: NO

Approach
 

  • Find the minimum element in the array.
  • Now, if the array is sorted and then rotate all the elements before the minimum element will be in increasing order and all elements after the minimum element will also be in increasing order.
  • Check if all elements before minimum element are in increasing order.
  • Check if all elements after minimum element are in increasing order.
  • Check if the last element of the array is smaller than the starting element.
  • If all of the above three conditions satisfies then print YES otherwise print NO.

Below is the implementation of the above idea: 
 

PHP




<?php
// PHP program to check if an 
// array is sorted and rotated
// clockwise
  
// Function to check if an array
// is sorted and rotated clockwise
function checkIfSortRotated($arr, $n)
{
    $minEle = PHP_INT_MAX;
    $maxEle = PHP_INT_MIN;
  
    $minIndex = -1;
  
    // Find the minimum element
    // and it's index
    for ($i = 0; $i <$n; $i++) 
    {
        if ($arr[$i] < $minEle
        {
            $minEle = $arr[$i];
            $minIndex = $i;
        }
    }
  
    $flag1 = 1;
  
    // Check if all elements before 
    // minIndex are in increasing order
    for ( $i = 1; $i <$minIndex; $i++) 
    {
        if ($arr[$i] < $arr[$i - 1]) 
        {
            $flag1 = 0;
            break;
        }
    }
  
    $flag2 = 1;
  
    // Check if all elements after 
    // minIndex are in increasing order
    for ($i = $minIndex + 1; $i <$n; $i++) 
    {
        if ($arr[$i] < $arr[$i - 1]) 
        {
            $flag2 = 0;
            break;
        }
    }
  
    // Check if last element of the array
    // is smaller than the element just
    // starting element of the array
    // for arrays like [3,4,6,1,2,5] - not sorted circular array
    if ($flag1 && $flag2 && 
       ($arr[$n - 1] < $arr[$0]))
        echo( "YES");
    else
        echo( "NO");
}
  
// Driver code
$arr = array(3, 4, 5, 1, 2);
  
//Function Call
$n = count($arr);
  
checkIfSortRotated($arr, $n);
  
// This code is contributed
// by inder_verma.
?>
Output
YES

Please refer complete article on Check if an array is sorted and rotated for more details!


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