PHP | imageconvolution() Function

The imageconvolution() function is an inbuilt function in PHP which is used to modify the image content. It applies a 3 x 3 convolution matrix in the image, using the given coefficient and offset. This function returns true on success or false on failure.

Syntax:

bool imageconvolution ( $image, $matrix, $div, $offset )

Parameters: This function accepts four parameter as mentioned above and described below:



  • $image: It is returned by one of the image creation functions, such as imagecreatetruecolor(). It is used to create size of image.
  • $matrix: It contains an array of 3 x 3 (3 x 3 matrix) of floats.
  • $div: It is divisor of result of the convolution, used for normalization.
  • $offset: It is used to set the color offset.

Return Value: This function returns True on success or False on failure.

Below programs illustrate the imageconvolution() function in PHP:

Program 1:

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<?php
  
// Create a gif image 
$image = imagecreatefromgif(
   
// Declare a 3X3 matrix
$matrix = array(
        array(2, 0, 0), 
        array(0, -1, 0), 
        array(0, 0, -1)
);
   
// imageconvolution function to modify image elements
imageconvolution($image, $matrix, 1, 127);
   
// Output of image content
header('Content-Type: image/png');
imagepng($image, null, 9);
?>

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Output:
image

Program 2:

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<?php
  
// Create a gif image 
$image = imagecreatefrompng(
   
// Declare a 3X3 matrix
$emboss = array(        
        array(0, -1, 2), 
        array(2, 0, 0),
        array(2, 0, -2)
);
   
// imageconvolution function to modify image elements
imageconvolution($image, $emboss, 1, 127);
  
// Output of image content
header('Content-Type: image/png');
imagepng($image, null, 9);
?>

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Output:
image

Related Articles:

Reference: http://php.net/manual/en/function.imageconvolution.php



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